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World History Ch. 12
Terms in this set (35)
List 5 motives that prompted European explorers to "seek out and discover"
search for new trade routes, quest for gold, desire for adventure, religious concerns, competition between the countries
What man's account of his travels awakened European curiosity in the Orient?
What three things were of great importance to the early explorers?
accurate maps, navigational instruments, seagoing vessels.
What two nations led the way during the Age of Exploration?
Portugal + Spain.
What member of the Portuguese ruling family greatly aided the Age pot Exploration? What nickname did he earn?
Prince Henry. The navigator
What important discovery did Da Gama make for Portugual? What was the result of this discovery?
Who settled the trade disputes between Spain and Portugal by dividing the world between the two countries? What was the dividing line called?
Pope Alexander VI. The Line of Demarcation
What were the three major native Indian cultures of Central and South America?
Maya, Aztec, Inca.
After crossing the Isthmus of Panama, what body of water did Balboa see? What did he call it?
The Pacific Ocean. South Sea.
What was the Commercial Revolution?
A time of economic economic changes in England a between the 15th and 16th centuries
What was mercantilism?
the dominant economic system in the Age of Exploration.
What was the purpose of colonies under this economic policy?
for the good of the mother country.
What was the use of wealth to make more wealth defines what economic policy?
List four reasons that Portugal and Spain led other European nations in the Age of Exploration:
shipping had already been a principal industry, they were bounded by ocean shores, their sailers were skillful, and they had learned good navigation and mapmaking skills from the Moors, and they had a strong crusading spirit
List the main contribution that each of the following explorers made to the Age of Exploration: Bartholomeu Dias:
He found a direct water route to India.
List the main contribution that each of the following explorers made to the Age of Exploration: Vasco da Gama:
He was the first European to sail around the southern tip of Africa
List the main contribution that each of the following explorers made to the Age of Exploration: Christopher Columbus:
He opened up a New World that attracted European exploration and colonization for centuries.
List the main contribution that each of the following explorers made to the Age of Exploration: Ferdinand Magallen:
Found the pacific ocean, and circled the globe
How did the Indians of Central and South America differ from those in Central and Sough America? Central/South America:
more civilized, almost all lived in large cities, developed art and literature at a higher level, very pagan.
How did the Indians of Central and South America differ from those in Central and Sough America? N America:
lived in smaller tribes, were nomadic, were hunters and farmers, believed in earth worship.
What was the Chinese and Japanese attitude toward the European traders?
They were content with their traditions and what they had, they resisted the change and wanted to maintain their isolation.
What right did the rulers of this period clam that gave them absolute power and placed them above man-made laws:
the divine right of kinds
What was the last great religious war fought in Europe?
the Thirty Years' War
What French King's reign became the model of absolutism throughout Europe?
King Louis XIV
What three countries followed the example of France and came under absolutist rule?
Prussia, Austria, and Russia
How did Peter the Great propose to get Russia in step with the rest of Europe?
by adopting Western ways
Give the ruling family in each of the following countries: Prussia
Give the ruling family in each of the following countries: Austria
Give the ruling family in each of the following countries: Russia
What body in England competed with the monarchy for authority? What special privilege did that body hold over the monarchy?
Parliament. The right to grant or deny a king's request for additional taxes.
What English king was beheaded during the English Civil War?
Who was the leader of the Roundheads, the parliamentary forces?
What English document plead limits on royal power, guaranteed fundamental liberties of the English people, and Prohibited future English monarch from being Roman Catholic?
Bill of Rights
What did European monarchs see to preserve in order to make sure that their neighbors did not become too strong and thus able to threaten their borders?
the balance of power
List the three countries that divided up defenseless Poland
Prussia, Russia, Austria
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