A warlike, fair-skinned people who migrated into the Indus Valley and subdued the non-Aryan people of northwest India.
A collection of religious literature which preserved the early traditions and religious beliefs of the Hindus.
The system of rigid social groups in India. This system determines where people lived, their profession, what they wore, and what and with whom they could eat, and whom they could marry.
The founder of Buddhism
Early Chinese term for their country, reflecting the belief that China was the center of the earth.
Eastern religion founded by Confucius that is based on relationships.
A philosophy founded by Lao-tzu; it encouraged men to live in harmony with nature. It became the basis of mystical, magical, and superstitious elements in Chinese society.
The first emperor of Japan who, according to legend, was a direct descendant of the sun goddess
A form of nature worship that attributes deity to anything in nature that is awe-inspiring or extraordinary and stressed the supremacy of the sun goddess and the divine descent of the emperor
The man who became the leader of the Minamoto clan. He became the first supreme military leader ("great general") of Japan when he defeated the only remaining powerful clan
This term means "great general;" the title for the military ruler of Japan, who held the real power over the Japanese government from 1192 to 1868
Name for the Japanese warriors
The unwritten military code which governed the conduct of the Japanese warriors.
Genghis Khan (or Chinggis Khan)
He was named Temujin when he was born; this was the title of the man who united the Mongol tribes. It means "universal ruler."
Ruler of the Yuan dynasty in China; he was in power when Marco Polo traveled to China. He was the last of the Great Khans who conquered southern China
Turkish-Mongol dynasty in India around the sixteenth century; founded by Babur.
A Roman citizen who was taken as a slave to Aksum (also known as Abyssinia) and who introduced Christianity to that country; known as the "Apostle to the Abyssinians."
Muslim king of Mali in the 14th century who is known for his massive wealth and expenditures during the hajj to Mecca in 1324. Heattracted many scholars to Mali making books more valuable for trade than gold
Marrying more than one wife, which was common in African culture
Qin Shi Huang
"First Emperor of the Qin;" the first emperor to unite the provinces of China under one strong centralised government.