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a system developed by kings in order to compete for control of the world's trade routes, thereby increasing their money and power


goods sold to other countries


goods bought from other countries

Favorable Balance of trade

exporting more products than importing to make money

who benefited?

European rulers

how did they benefit?

-starting plantations to grow valuable commodities.
-establishing trading posts
-collecting a percent of company profits

Drawbacks for Native Americans

-looting of treasures and jewels
-forced religion
-loss of land
-death (conquistadors)
-50 to 90 percent of Natives died.

Benefits for Native Americans

introduced to:
-a variety of livestock (pigs, chicken, cows, sheep)
-new technology (plows, traps, axe heads, muskets)
-many plants
-horses (for transportation)

Drawbacks for Explorers


Benefits for explorers

-beaver fur to make hats
-much wealth from tobacco and sugar cane plantations
-new plants, and animals
-silver and gold
-new crops (corn and potatoes)
-new slaves (natives)

Queen Elizabeth

-granted Raleigh a patent to colonize in America
-known as the virgin queen
-Virginia was named after her

Sir Walter Raleigh

Raised money to establish a colony of Roanoke

John White

-Governor of the Roanoke colony
-returned to England for supplies, but could not return right away due to war
-when he returned, he found the area deserted and the words (CROATAN, and CRO) carved on the tree.

1584 voyage

Military expedition; found land good for farming and defendable

1586 Voyage

Mission consisted of young ambitious men looking to make money by finding gold
-bad relationship with the indians and loss of food supply
-returned to england

1587 Voyage

-consisted of farmers, women and children who came in family groups.
-117 people
-intended to be more permanent

Virginia Dare

first English child born in the New World

King James I

gave patent and money to start the colony

John Smith

Governor/ leader of the Colony

John Rolfe

grew tobacco

House of Burgesses

first type of government or legislature in the New World.
-elected representatives to establish laws for the colony

Why was jamestown colony established

to look for gold and silver

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