31 terms

Photosynthesis and Respiration Study Guide

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Cytoplasm
Where does glycolysis occur?
Carbohydrates
Which type of molecule is the preferred energy source for cellular respiration?
lactic acid and alcohol
What two products can be produced by fermentation?
mitochondria
Which organelle carries out most of the steps of cellular respiration?
C6H12O6 + 6O2 --> 6CO2 + 6H2O + 38 ATP
Write the chemical equation for cell respiration.
6CO2 + 6H2O -> C6H12O6 + 6O2
Write the chemical equation for photosynthesis.
the are reverse of each other
How are the chemical equations for respiration and photosynthesis related?
Co2, H2O, light
Name three things required by plants to carry out photosynthesis.
O2, glucose
Name two things produced by photosynthesis.
chloroplast
Which organelle carries out photosynthesis?
phosphate
What is removed from ATP for energy to be released?
chemosynthesis uses chemicals, not light
What is the difference between photosynthesis and chemosynthesis?
glucose
What is broken down to produced the energy to make ATP?
makes own food
What is a producer?
must eat
What is a consumer?
anaerobic
Under what circumstances does fermentation occur?
ATP and NADPH
What do the light dependent reactions of photosynthesis produce?
glucose
What does the Calvin cycle produce?
O2
What is produced as a waste product of photosynthesis?
both
Which kinds of cells do cellular respiration: plant, animal, or both?
glycolysis, Krebs cycle, E T C
Name the three steps of cellular respiration.
E T C
Which step of cellular respiration produces the most ATP?
glucose is broken down into 2 pyruvate
What occurs during glycolysis?
anaerobic
Is glycolysis aerobic or anaerobic?
Calvin cycle
In which part of photosynthesis does carbon fixation occur?
anaerobic
Is fermentation aerobic or anaerobic?
chlorophyll
What is the main light-absorbing pigment in a chloroplast?
E T C
Where is oxygen used in cell respiration?
Creates a proton gradient
What is the function of the E T C in Photosynthesis?
Chloroplast--thylakoid membrane. Mitochondria: inner membrane
Where is the E T C located in the chloroplast? Where is it located in the mitochondria?
NADH, FADH2, ATP, CO2
What are the products of the krebs cycle?