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Unit 4 FRQ practice
Terms in this set (13)
While listening to the orchestra as she dances the lead role in Swan Lake, a ballerina concludes her performance with a pirouette, spinning around several times before leaping into the arms of her dance partner.
Discuss how the ballerina relied on the following and how each is important.
Kinesthesia will allow the ballerina to sense the position of different parts of her body as she dances the role. Thus, she will know that she is to start by facing the audience and, although she has spun around several times, she will always be aware of where the audience is, and where to put her feet and arms in order to accomplish the choreography.
The vestibular sense enables the dancer to sense her body position and to maintain her balance.
Semicircular canals near her inner ear help the ballerina maintain her sense of balance. She needs this balance as she leaps and spins, and her training allows her to use her vestibular sense to maintain balance rather than become dizzy.
The ballerina's sense of hearing allows her to perceive the music and to dance to the correct rhythm of each piece of music.
Describe the receptor cells for taste and smell.
Receptor cells in the tongue detect sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and umami.
Smell: Olfactory cells line the top of the nasal cavity.
Briefly explain the biopsychosocial perspective on pain and pain treatment.
Describe two parts of the ear that transmit sound waves before they reach the hair cells.
The eardrum, a tight membrane separating the middle ear from the outer ear.
The three bones in the middle ear that transmit sound waves between the eardrum and the cochlea.
The oval window, the point at which vibrations enter the cochlea.
The cochlea, where the fluid inside vibrates and the hair cells are stimulated.
What roles do the outer, middle, and inner ear play in helping a person hear a song on the radio?
As light reflected off an object reaches your eye, it passes through several structures before it reaches the retina. Describe three of these structures, including the function of each.
The cornea is at the front of the eye. It bends and focuses the light waves.
The pupil is the opening through which light enters the eyeball. It is surrounded by the iris, which can expand or contract to allow more or less light to pass through the pupil.
The lens is the transparent structure behind the pupil that changes shape to help focus images on the retina.
Explain two theories of color vision in humans. How does one of them explain color deficiency?
Martha is convinced she has extrasensory perception. Explain what Martha's specific abilities would be if she had each of the following forms of ESP:
Then, briefly explain why you should doubt her claims.
Telepathy: Martha would be able to use mind-to-mind communication; that is, she is able to read someone's mind.
Clairvoyance: Martha would be able to perceive things happening at a distance; that is, a cousin who lives in another state just burnt her hand on the oven, and Martha feels it.
Precognition: Martha would be able to see future events happen; that is, she knows a pop quiz will take place next week.
There has never been a conclusive scientific demonstration of extrasensory ability.
How can context effects, emotions, and motivation trigger different perceptions of a single stimulus?
Explain how bottom-up and top-down processes work together to help us decipher the world around us..
Bottom-up processing starts at the sensory receptors and works up to higher levels of processing.
Top-down processing constructs perceptions from the sensory input by drawing on our experience and expectations.
Marisol is planning a ski trip for spring break. Define absolute threshold and difference threshold, and explain how each one might play a role in her perception of the winter weather she will experience.
Explain four of the important ideas behind natural selection.
Organisms' varied offspring compete for survival.
Certain biological and behavioral variations increase an organism's reproductive and survival chances in a particular environment.
Offspring that survive are more likely to pass their genes to ensuing generations.
Over time, population characteristics may change.
Explain the two positions in the nature-nurture debate.
Nature refers to the contributions of heredity and inborn, biologically determined aspects of behavior and mental processes.
Nurture refers to the contributions of environment and the way individuals are raised.
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