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ESE 280 Exam 2
Terms in this set (15)
What is the definition of specific learning disability?
A student with a learning disability has average or above average IQ, but may not process information the same way as others.
Explain 3 mnemonic strategies used to help individuals with Autism.
Keyword- linking a keyword or concept to help them remember new material
Pegword- helps students remember numbered or ordered information by linking words & numbers that rhyme
Letter- imply acronyms or a string of letters to help students remember a list of words to concepts
Name & discuss the 3 basic psychological processes
Receiving information- issues auditorally or visually receiving information
Associating information- issues recognizing faces
Expressing information- issues with recalling information
What are the 5 key assumptions in early childhood students school success?
1. children are active, self-motivated learners who learn best from personal experience
2. They learn best when they have opportunities to practice skills in context of meaningful activities
3. They construct knowledge by participating with others using problem-solving and self-evaluation skills
4. They should be allowed to exercise choice in their learning environments
5. They learn best through a curriculum that presents information in an integrated fashion
What are the 4 main contributions to inappropriate behaviors and what questions should you ask yourself?
Question: Is the behavior disturbing/disturbed?
Explain partial participation principle and how it allows students with multiple disabilities to participate in general education.
Partial Participation Principle says a student with multiple disabilities cannot be denied access to general education and other inclusive activities because other their needs. This principle rejects an all-or-none approach, which allows students with multiple disabilities to participate
Define serious emotional disturbance. What's wrong with the definitions wording?
Serious emotional disturbance is defined as a condition exhibiting one or more of the following characteristics and to a marked degree that adversely affects a child's educational performance: a) inability to learn hay cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors b) inability to build or maintain interpersonal relationships with peers and teachers c) inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances d) general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression e) tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with personal or school problems.
PROBLEM: b contradicts other statements and is vague
Discuss predominately inattentive type and hyperactive-implusive type. How do they differ?
Predominately Inattentive- struggles with paying attention, listening when directing spoken to, organization of tasks, keeping track, and avoiding distractions.
Hyperactive-Impulsive- struggles to stay still, participating quietly in leisure activities, waiting for their turn, blurting out, and interrupting.
DIFFERENCE: Inattentive types don't struggle with fidgeting or constant moving, whereas hyperactive-implusive types does
What is the difference between internalizing and externalizing behaviors? Name some characteristics.
Internalizing Behaviors are less likely to receive special education. Some characteristics are anxiety, depression, and withdrawal. Externalizing behaviors are more likely to receive help. Some characteristics are outwards aggression towards others and bullying others.
Name and describe 3 characteristics of children with ASD.
Social-Emotional Reciprocity- struggles with sharing, interacting with others, taking initiative
Nonverbal Communication- Eye contact, facial expressions, body language
Maintaining relationships- making friends, lack of interest to approach peers, adapting behaviors to expectations of contexts
Discuss 3 adaptive behaviors someone with and intellectual disability may struggle with.
Conceptual skills- reading or writing proficiently
Social skills- problems with following rules
Practical skills- being able to practice self-care
What does intellectual disability mean?
An intellectual disability is someone who has a subaverage intellectual functioning. They have limitations in social, conceptual, and practical adaptive skills. Will manifest during developmental period (before 18)
What are 3 social cues someone with Autism won't pick up on?
1. When a conversation is over
2. Personal space
3. Reading facial expressions
Is schizophrenia and dissociative identity disorder the same condition? If not, what is schizophrenia?
No- schizophrenia is a disorder where the person will experience delusions and hallucinations. Schizophrenia means "split mind", but the split is between reality and what they see.
Discuss 3 examples of emotional and social characteristics of students with a learning disability.
Depression- they aren't performing at the same level academically
Anxiety- knowing they aren't doing the same work as their peers
Loneliness- because of a learning gap and possibly due to being held back
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