22 terms

Review #1 The Road to Revolution / Independence

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First Continental Congress
September 1774, delegates from twelve colonies sent representatives to Philadelphia
Delegates
Representatives from each colony who met to develop the nation's new government; a person chosen to speak or act for a group
Militia
An army of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers
Constitution
A written plan of government; a body of fundamental principles in which a country is acknowledged to be governed.
Loyalists
Americans who feared revolution and who supported the British. Also called Tories.
Patriot
American colonists who favored American independence
Declaration of Independence
In 1776, Congress adopted this formal document. Its core idea was that people have rights that the government can not take away.
Three things about the Constitution's creation:
1.
2.
3.
Explain the two parts of the American Revolution:
1. First we had to win the war
2. Next we had to write a new government and get all the states to agree on it.
Ratify
to approve
Two reasons the colonists rebelled
1. Unfair Taxes
2. Wanted to separate from England's rule
George Washington
The first model for the idea of having a president.
Name 2 principles of America's new government:
1. representation
2. individual rights
3. voting
Samuel Adams
American Revolutionary leader and patriot, Founder of the Sons of Liberty and one of the most vocal patriots for independence; signed the Declaration of Independence, the original radical
Stamp act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Sons of Liberty
Radical, secret society formed to oppose British policies
John Hancock
Wealthy, unlikely rebel who supported the revolt against Britain
The Great Compromise
Made all the Colonies happy because it planned for a: - two house legislature
-Equal representation in the Senate (2 per state)
-Proportional representation based on population in the House of Representatives
financial
having to do with money
revise
To make changes to make something up to date
justice
fair and equal treatment under the law
treaty
an agreement between two or more states or nations