AP Govt. List 2 Vocab Test

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Terms in this set (...)

Caucus
A meeting of members of a political party for a political reason such as choosing a leader or discussing policy
Taboo
A restriction on behavior imposed by social custom. Something forbidden
Political Machines/Bosses
a party organization, headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county, or state
Culture Wars
clashes within mainstream society over the values and norms that should be upheld
pork barrel
the use of government funds for special projects designed to please voters or legislators and win votes.
mores
accepted standards and customs of a social group
paradigm
a model; an example; a dominant way of looking at something
WASPS
White Anglo-Saxon Protestants
non sequitur
something that does not logically follow
progressive tax
A tax for which the percentage of income paid in taxes increases as income increases
quid pro quo
something given in exchange or return for something else
safety net
government programs that protect people experiencing unfavorable economic conditions
incumbent
An officeholder who is seeking reelection.
bonds
Certificates of debt that carry a promise to buy back the bonds at a higher price
grassroots
people or society at a local level making change in a political system
collective bargaining
Process by which a union representing a group of workers negotiates with management for a contract
constituent
a person whom a member of Congress has been elected to represent
pandering
saying whatever will please an audience even if it is not what the speaker really believes
mandatory spending
Federal spending required by law that continues without the need for annual approvals by Congress.
Initiative
A procedure by which voters can propose a law or a state constitutional amendment.
Referendum
a legislative act is referred for final approval to a popular vote by the electorate
recall election
a special election called by voters to remove an elected official before his/her term expires.
discretionary spending
Federal spending on programs that are controlled through the regular budget process; Congress is free to make choices about this type of spending
deficit spending
Government practice of spending more than it takes in from taxes
vis-a-vis
in relation to or compared with
Lobbying
Engaging in activities aimed at influencing public officials, especially legislators, and the policies they enact.
fiscal policy
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling taxing and spending.
New Deal
A series of reforms enacted by the Franklin Roosevelt administration between 1933 and 1942 with the goal of ending the Great Depression.
grants-in-aid
money given by the national government to the states, usually for a specific purpose
monetary policy
Government policy that attempts to manage the economy by controlling the money supply and thus interest rates; in the US controlled by the Federal Reserve
concurrent powers
Powers held jointly by the national and state governments.
Plurality
Candidate or party with the most votes cast in an election, not necessarily more than half.
populism
the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite
regressive taxation
Taxation where as income increases, the fraction of income paid as taxes decreases; hits lower income workers more heavily