Upgrade to remove ads
-Biology- Ch. 8/9 Study Guide
Terms in this set (24)
Cells keep only a small amount of _________ on hand and regenerate it as needed using energy stored in carbohydrates and other molecules
Organisms, such as hawks and leopards, that obtain energy from the foods they consume are called _________
Photosynthesis requires light, water, carbon dioxide, and light absorbing _________
When temperatures drop in the autumn, _________ molecules break down, which causes the leaves to change colors
____________________ are saclike photosynthetic membranes inside chloroplasts
Thylakoids are arranged in stacks known as _________
When chlorophyll absorbs light, the light raises the energy of the _________ in the chlorophyll molecule
The electron carrier _________ is converted to NADPH during the light dependent reactions
Plants produce _________ during the first stage of photosynthesis and because it is not used or needed in the second stage it is considered to be a byproduct
A membrane protein called _________ allows H+ ions to pass through the thylakoid membrane and into the stroma
ATP synthase (enzyme)
The electrons that chlorophyll loses to the electron transport chain are replenished by _______ molecules
During the Calvin cycle, molecules of _________ supply the carbon component of carbohydrates.
Carbon dioxide (light dependent)
In many plants, the rate of photosynthesis _____ when the weather becomes very cold.
Muscle cells, which need a lot of ATP, would be expected to have a lot of __________________, the organelles involved in cellular respiration.
Cellular respiration in nearly all organisms depends on autotrophs performing the process of _________
Photosynthesis occurs only in plants, algae, and some bacteria. In contrast _________ occurs in all eukaryotic cells.
Glycolysis rearranges a 6-carbon glucose molecule into two 3-carbon molecules of _______.
Two pyruvic acid molecules going through the Krebs cycle will result in ____________________ ATP molecule(s), as well as the energy carriers FADH2 and NADH.
When _________ pass through ATP synthase, ATP molecules are produced from ADP molecules.
The _____________________________ is a series of carrier proteins that use high-energy electrons to create a buildup of H+ ions on one side of the inner mitochondrial membrane.
Electron transport chain
Glycolysis alone nets only _________ molecules of ATP from each glucose molecule.
The body gets rid of lactic acid in a chemical pathway that requires _________.
A high level of lactic acid in the blood is a sign that ____ fermentation has occurred.
A person who regularly does aerobic exercise takes in ________ oxygen than a sedentary person.
You might also like...
Bio Chapt. 4
Cells and Energy
Honors Biology Chapter 8 Test Review
Other sets by this creator
Unit 12 Vocabulary
History Exam #2
The American West and Changing Agriculture
Other Quizlet sets
East and Southeast Asia Test Review
presidents for the exam
BIO EXAM SET 1
Mr. Johnson- Bible 10, Semester Final