AP Human Geo Chapter 4 Quiz
Terms in this set (58)
A processof adjustment to the dominat culture, while retaining features of the folk culture. Occurs when an ethnic or immigrant group moves into a new area and adopts the values and practices of the larger group while still maintaining major elements of their own culture
A process of giving up cultural traditiond and adopting the social customs of the dominant culture of the place. Occurs when an ethnic group can no longer be distinguished from the recieving group
the unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life- food, clothing, shelter, and defense.
Carl Sauer: "Built Environment"
Human have built the environment around us
The entire region throughout which a culture prevails. Criteria that may be chosen to define culture realms include religion, language, diet, customs, or economic development.
Judging another culture based on the values and norms of one's own culture
Looking at a culture from the view points of someone within that culture. (Set aside your own cultural norms/ not passing judgement on a culture different than you own)
The body of material traits, customary beliefs, and social forms that together constitue the distinct traditions of s group of people. Includes all of a group's learned behaviors, actions, beliefs, and objects. It is a visible force seen in a group's actions, possessions and influence on the landscape.
CARL SAUER!-Human impact on the landscape. Each cultural group takes particular elements from the environment.
Study of the relationship between a culture and the natural environment it occupies. Cultures use, alter and manipulate landscapes to reflect their identity.
Visible reflection of its culture. Ex: Schools in Pakistan- Gender-segregated school reflects attitude towards male and female roles
Visible and invisible aspects of a culture make up the cultural traits
Larger areas that include several regions. Cultures within these reals have a few trails they all share, such as language, religious traditions, food preferences, architecture, or a shared history.
A repetitive act of a group, preformed to the extent that it becomes characteristic of the group. Has been widely adopted by a group of people.
A repetitive act that a particular individual preforms such as wearing jeans to class every single day
formal cultural region (core, periphery)
An area within who inch everyone shares one or more distinctive characteristics (must be present throughout) Share features such as language, economic activity (agriculture) or environmental property
functional cultural region (node)
Area organized around a node or focal point characteristic dominates at central point and diminishes in importance outward.
Vernacular cultural region
Area that people believe exists as part of their cultural identity. Boundaries are often blurred
Spread of a cultural trait through direct or indirect exchange without migration. Includes hierarchical, contagious, and stimulus
Spread of a cultural trait by people who migrate and carry their cultural traits with them. Small scale example: pizza brought to US by Italians. Big scale example: European culture (spread around the world)
The spread of a feature or trend from one key person, node of authority or power to other persons or places. Most popular culture
Rapid widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. EX: Blues Music- all musicians outside of the hearth hear the music and be an to play it.
Spread of underlying principle even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse.
Contact diminishes with increasing distance and eventually disappears. As things get father away from their hearth, they become less relavant; less interaction with a culture occurs as you get farther from the hearth.
Tobler's first law of geography
Everything is related to everything else, but near things are more related than distant things.
The region from which innovative ideas originate
Folk Housing Styles
limited by resources available in the environment. ex: if trees are available then wooden houses are built, but if not then grass, stone, sod, skins, etc. will be used, variations can be from cultural influence. In the US, folk housing types include New England, Middle Atlantic, and Lower Chesapeake (Tidewater) styles.
Popular Housing Styles
Homes built after the 1940s demonstrate more variety in time than in place. In the US, popular housing types include Minimal Traditional, Ranch House, Split-Level, Contemporary, and Shed styles.
The diffusion of new ideas
Adoption of a diffusing trait that is impractical for a region or culture. Occurs because popular culture doesn't always reflect the original landscape.
Old things are still around
Small, homogenous groups of people. Often live in rural areas, relatively isolated. Slow to change. Provides a sense of place and belonging through homogeneity.
Sense of place
Sense of place gives inhabitants ties to the area where they live, thus giving them a sense of ownership.
Folk food habits are embedded especially strong in the environment
Traditionally sung by the common people of a region and forms part of their culture. composed anonymously and transmitted orally. A song that is derived from events in daily life that are familiar to the majority of the people; songs that tell a story or convey information about daily activities such as farming, life cycle events, or mysterious events such as strorms and earthquakes.
Everything that a cultural group takes care if and passes down.
The beliefs, practices, aesthetics, and values of a group of people
Found in large, heterogenous societies that share certain habits despite differences in other personal characteristics. Spreads quickly across a large area and is adopted by various groups. Usually spreads vis media. Emphasizes the NEW rather than preserving the tradition. Example: European Soccer, Japanese Anime.
Cultural landscapes are similar. Diffusion of architectural styles, foods...
Things are the same in different places.
What does Technology have to do with pop. culture?
As technology as advanced, popular culture as been able to spread faster and faster
Systems that are used to collect data
Diffusion of an innovation. Remember-you never have 100% buy in
Restriction on behavior imposed by religious law or social custom. They are behaviors heavily discouraged by a culture. Some Folk cultures have established a toboggan due to concern for the environment.
Contribution of a location's distinctive physical features to the way food tastes . Connection between the environment and food. Customs are influenced by climate, soil, and vegetation. Folk culture is more responsive to the environment because the lower level of technology and the agricultural economy
DAVID HARVEY! Distance becomes less important. Has accelerated culture change around the world, including the spread of English.
Three basic ways in which children learn
Imitation ex: Language
Informal Instruction ex: A parent reminds a child to say please
Formal Instruction ex: A school teaches history
The area in which a unique culture or a specific trait develops
Clusters of people of the same culture, but surrounded by people of a culture that is dominant in the region. Sometimes reflect the desire to stay apart from the larger society and other times may reflect the dominant culture's desire to segregate them.
Broad areas where groups share similar but not identical traits.
Gender in Folk culture
People often have clearly defined gender-specific roles
Gender in Popular culture
Gender-specific roles are diminishing. Women have more access to economic resources, more opportunity to work outside of the house
Resistance to Globalization
Spread of popular culture as created tension between globalization and local diversity.
The succession of different cultures. Observable on the landscape
An awareness of being a part of a group of people living in a culture region
A collection of interacting elements that taken together shape a group's collective identity. Includes traits, territorial affiliation, and shared history, as well as other, more complex elements, such as language and religion
A related set of cultural traits, such as prevailing dress codes and cooking and eating utensils.
Scale of culture
How far a culture has spread and how many people practice it
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