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Terms in this set (30)
a policy of powerful countries trying to control the economy & gov't of weaker nations or regions.
a policy of staying out of world affairs.
a policy of extending a nation's borders.
to add on or take over.
Sphere of Influence
an area where a nation has special trading privileges.
Good Neighbor Policy
the United States emphasized cooperation and trade rather than military force to maintain stability in the hemisphere. President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, in his inaugural address on March 4, 1933, stated: "In the field of world policy I would dedicate this nation to the policy of the good neighbor-the neighbor who resolutely respects himself and, because he does so, respects the rights of others."
biased & untrue news reporting that relies on exaggerating news stories & headlines; used in the Spanish-American War.
before becoming a trustbusting president, TR was the leader of a cavalry unit called the Rough Riders. He was also Secretary of the Navy.
Secretary of State who bought Alaska from Russia.
nickname for a military unit led by TR in the Spanish-American War.
President Monroe's foreign policy statement that warned European nations to stay out of Latin America.
TR's addition to the Monroe Doctrine that said Europe couldn't interfere with Latin America, but the US could (to preserve "law & order").
US battleship sent to Cuba to pick up any remaining Americans before the Spanish-American War broke out; it sunk while in Havana Harbor & the US blamed the Spanish; it's sinking led to US involvement in the Spanish-American War.
The Great White Fleet
The four squadrons of warships, dubbed the "Great White Fleet," were manned by 14,000 sailors and marines under the command of Rear Adm. Robley "Fighting Bob" Evans.
Alaska Treaty, 1867
On March 30, 1867, Secretary of State William Seward agreed to a proposal from Russian Minister in Washington, Edouard de Stoeckl, to purchase Alaska for $7.2 million.
a country that is generally controlled and defended by a more powerful country.
Panama Canal (1903-1914)
President Theodore Roosevelt oversaw the realization of a long-term United States goal - a trans-isthmian canal.
The White Man's Burden
In February 1899, British novelist and poet Rudyard Kipling wrote a poem entitled "The White Man's Burden: The United States and The Philippine Islands."
Secretary of State John Hay first articulated the concept of the "Open Door" in China in a series of notes in 1899-1900. These Open-Door Notes aimed to secure international agreement to the U.S. policy of promoting equal opportunity for international trade and commerce in China, and respect for China's administrative and territorial integrity.
Treaty of Paris
Commissioners from the United States and Spain met in Paris on October 1, 1898 to produce a treaty that would bring an end to the war after six months of hostilities. Although the Conference discussed Cuba and debt questions, the major conflict concerned the situation of the Philippines.
The Treaty of Portsmouth
The Treaty of Portsmouth formally ended the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05. The negotiations took place in August in Portsmouth, New Hampshire, and were brokered in part by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt.
In April 1898 Senator Henry M. Teller (Colorado) proposed an amendment to the U.S. declaration of war against Spain which proclaimed that the United States would not establish permanent control over Cuba.
Introduced by Senator Orville Platt (R-Connecticut) in February 190 The Platt Amendment allowed the United States "the right to intervene for the preservation of Cuban independence, the maintenance of a government adequate for the protection of life, property, and individual liberty.
"The Influence of Sea Power"
In 1890, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, a lecturer in naval history and the president of the United States Naval War College, published The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660-1783, a revolutionary analysis of the importance of naval power as a factor in the rise of the British Empire.
Big Stick Diplomacy
Big Stick diplomacy is the policy of carefully mediated negotiation ("speaking softly") supported by the unspoken threat of a powerful military ("big stick"). The Great White Fleet, a group of American warships that toured the world in a show of peaceful strength, is the leading example of Big Stick diplomacy during Teddy Roosevelt's presidency.
In 1900 a crisis erupted in China as the "Boxers" increased their resistance to foreign influence and presence. By the end of the nineteenth century, several countries had already established spheres of influence in China. In the fall of 1899, Secretary of State John Hay wrote that the United States, a late arrival, wanted to maintain an "open door policy" in China.
From 1909 to 1913, President William Howard Taft and Secretary of State Philander C. Knox followed a foreign policy characterized as "dollar diplomacy." Taft believed that the goal of diplomacy was to create stability and order abroad that would best promote American commercial interests.
Annexation of Hawaii
America's annexation of Hawaii in 1898 extended U.S. territory into the Pacific and highlighted resulted from economic integration and the rise of the United States as a Pacific power. A key provisioning spot for American whaling ships, fertile ground for American protestant missionaries, and a new source of sugar cane production, Hawaii's economy became increasingly integrated with the United States.
Commodore Mathew Perry
On July 8, 1853, Commodore Matthew Perry of the United States Navy, commanding a squadron of two steamers and two sailing vessels, sailed into Tôkyô harbor aboard the frigate Susquehanna. Perry, on behalf of the U.S. government, forced Japan to enter into trade with the United States and demanded a treaty permitting trade and the opening of Japanese ports to U.S. merchant ships. This was the era when all Western powers were seeking to open new markets for their manufactured goods abroad, as well as new countries to supply raw materials for industry.
A U.S. territory is a partially self-governing piece of land under the authority of the U.S. government. U.S. territories are not states, but they do have representation in Congress. Each territory is allowed to send a delegate to the House of Representatives. The people who live in American Samoa are considered U.S. nationals; the people in the other four territories are U.S. citizens. Citizens of the territories can vote in primary elections for president, but they cannot vote in the general elections for president.
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