Digital Media File Formats

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

.JPEG
- GRAPHICS
- most common graphic file format
- full color graphic format (16.7 million colors)
- relatively small file size
.GIF
- GRAPHICS
- indexed color format (256 colors)
- supports simple transparency layer
.PNG
- GRAPHICS
- supports advanced transparency
- relatively average file size
- can be interlaced, optimizing for internet use
.TIFF
- GRAPHICS
- versatile graphic file type that can use a variety of color formats
- format that works best for desktop publishing or print work
.TGA
- GRAPHICS
- format most commonly used by digital scanners
- full color format (16.7 million colors)
- relatively large file size
.PSD
- GRAPHICS
- native file type used by Adobe® Photoshop
- does not compress layers of a design, allowing for future editing
- can only be opened and edited by Photoshop
.MP3
- AUDIO
- most popular audio file format
- standard for downloading and storing music files
- commonly used for streaming over the Internet
.WAV
- AUDIO
- standard file format for PCs
- native sound format within the Windows® environment
.WMA
- AUDIO
- uses Windows® Media Player for audio playback
- Microsoft® format used for streaming audio files
.MIDI
- AUDIO
- Musical Instrument Digital Interface
- standard file format used by digital instruments (keyboards, guitars, etc.)
- contains information about musical notes
.AAC / .M4A
- AUDIO
- standard file format for Apple® Computers
- higher quality sound than .MP3
- standard file format used by mobile devices
Animated .GIF
- ANIMATION
- supports only frame-based animation
- simplest way to display short animation clips
- only animation format that cannot play audio
.SWF
- ANIMATION
- standard animation format for use on the Internet
- can support frame-based or vector animation
- supports ActionScript coding, allowing for user interactivity
- relatively small file size
.MOV
- ANIMATION
- converts an animation to a video file
- can be imported and edited by a video editing software
- used for television broadcasting
.FLV
- ANIMATION
- video format that uses the Adobe® Flash Player for animation playback
- standard format for embedded video on the Internet
.FLA
- ANIMATION
- native project file used by Adobe® Flash
- preserves the project's layers, scenes, and library for future editing
- can only be opened or edited by Flash
.MOV video
- VIDEO
- uses the Quicktime® player for video playback
- standard video format for Apple® computers
.AVI
- VIDEO
- standard video format for Microsoft® PCs
.WMV
- VIDEO
- uses the Windows® Media Player for video playback
- Microsoft® file format used for streaming on the Internet
.FLV video
- VIDEO
- uses the Adobe® Flash Player for video playback
- commonly used for embedding videos on the Internet
.MPEG-2
- VIDEO
- format used for DVDs
.MPEG-4
- VIDEO
- format used for Blu-Ray Discs (better quality than MPEG-2)
- standard for streaming videos over the Internet