42 terms

Mid-Term Review HOSA

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Terms in this set (...)

base of support
keeping the feet 8-10 inches apart, placing one foot slightly forward, balancing weight on both feet, and pointing the toes in the direction of movement
body mechanics
the way in which the body moves and maintains balance while making the most efficient use of all its parts.
ergonomics
an applied science used to promote the safety and well-being of a person by adapting the environment and using techniques to prevent injuries in the work environment
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
information sheets that must be provided by the manufacturer for all hazardous products
PPE
personal protective equipment
Safety Goggles
this form of eye protection is required only for some procedures
oxygen, heat, fuel
three things needed to start a fire
report it immediately
what should you do if there is damaged equipment
asymptomatic
Term for presenting no symptoms
HIV
human immunodeficiency virus (virus)
AIDS
acquired immune deficiency syndrome (disease)
HIV antibodies
What is looked for when testing for HIV in a blood test?
20 AIDS defining Diseases
a way to diagnose AIDS WITHOUT WBC count
200
If WBC is below this number, then AIDS can be diagnosed
Hepatitis
inflammation of the liver
True
True or False: hepatitis can be caused by alcohol and drug over-exposure
Hepatitis A
The CDC recommends this vaccination for travelers to developing countries with poor sanitation
Hepatitis B
The CDC recommends this vaccination for healthcare workers
Jaundice
A yellowing of the skin and eyes
Hepatitis C
Only hepatitis virus that has an anti-viral
Cirrhosis
scarring of the liver
Infectious Agent
Pathogen such as bacteria, virus, fungi, or parasite (chain of infection)
Reservoir
Contaminated surfaces, animals, people, soil, or water (chain of infection)
Portal of Exit
Open wound, splatter of body fluids, or aerosols (chain of infection)
Mode of Transmission
Contact, ingestion, inhalation (chain of infection)
Portal of Entry
Broken skin, respiratory tract, or mucous membranes (chain of infection)
Susceptible Host
Any person especially those receiving healthcare (chain of infection)
Bio-hazardous Bag
Item used to dispose of infectious waste such as contaminated dressings or gloves
sharps container
Puncture-resistant box for used needles and blades
Standard Precautions
Method followed to prevent the spread of germs
CDC
federal agency that CREATED standard precautions
OSHA
federal agency that ENFORCES standard precautions in the workplace
HIV, HBV, HCV
What are the three BLOOD BORNE PATHOGENS that are of concern to healthcare workers?
Pathogen
disease producing organism
Hand washing
What is the most important and easiest way to practice aseptic technique?
every 2 hours
How often should a patient/resident's body position be changed?
Stage 1 pressure ulcer
pale, red, or blue discoloration on the skin
vertigo
Proper term for dizziness
reverse isolation
Protects a patient from us especially if they have a weakened immune system like HIV/cancer/burn patients
wound vac
A medical device that applies negative pressure to a wound to promote healing and prevent infections.
True
True or false: Hepatitis can be caused by a virus
True
True or false: hepatitis can be caused by poor sanitation
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