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Terms in this set (52)
A collection of idea's and activities, a response to problems in American society, not a tightly organized political movement with a specific set of goals
All party members could vote for a candidate to run in the general election
Permits citizens to introduce legislation and requires the legislation to vote on it
Allows citizens to vote on proposed laws directly
Provide voters an option to demand a special election to remove an elected official from office
The right to vote
"Temperance Movement" which advocated that people stop, or at least moderate, their alcohol consumption.
when you contact a political leader personally, explain your concern, and try to convince them to vote for a legislation that supports your causes
a philosophy that humans have developed through competition and natural selection with only the strongest surviving.
Laws banning the manufacture, transportation, and sale of alcoholic beverages
To govern or direct according to rule.
Settling a dispute by agreeing to accept the decision of a third party
a tax based on the net income of a person or business - goal is to lessen the gap between the wealthy and poor
Gave women the right to vote
Senator selected by popular vote
Prohibition of alcohol
Pure Food and Drug Act
Prohibited the manufacture, sale, or shipment of impure or falsely labeled food and drugs
Meat Inspection Act
required federal inspection of meat sold through interstate commerce and required the agricultural department to set standards of cleanliness in meatpacking plants
an individual who seeks to expose or reveal corruption of businesses or government to the public
New York, group conference in Seneca Falls led by Cody Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Women involved in abolition and temperance movements. Wrote the Declaration of Sentiments
Teddy Roosevelt, consumer protection, pursued to policy of "trust busting" against major corporations, created action in conservation
Interstate Commerce Commission
Nations first independent regulatory agency
Sherman Anti-Trust Act
Intended to curb the power of large business combinations (trusts). The act prohibited any combination or conspiracy in restraint of trade or commerce among the states
gave the federal government more power to regulate private business
Coal Strike of 1902
Roosevelt helped end the strike by having the company and workers agree to arbitration, this was the first step towards establishing the federal government as an honest broker between powerful groups in society
Sinclair wrote the novel to portray the harsh conditions and exploited lives of immigrants in the United States in Chicago and similar industrialized cities
Triangle Shirt waist Company
A fire at the top of the Triangle Shirt waist company led to many reforms. New York created a factory investigating committee and passed new laws that reformed labor codes
Mueller vs. Oregon
Court held up the states rights to limit working hours (involved women)
Lochner vs. New York
court ruled that New York law forbidding bakers to work more than 10 hours was unconstitutional
National Parks Service
The National Park Service is an agency of the United States federal government that manages all national parks, Teddy Roosevelt
United States federal law that gave the Interstate Commerce Commission the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction
designed to lower tariffs, failed to significantly decrease rates and caused William Taft to lose support of the progressive party.
Election of 1912
Three different people ran for president, Roosevelt and Taft split the votes and Wilson won the electoral college. Wilson won the election with less than 42% of the popular vote
third party in the United States formed in 1912 by former President Theodore Roosevelt after he lost the presidential nomination of the Republican Party, nicknamed the "bull moose party".
Federal Reserve Act
created the authority to issue Federal Reserve Notes as legal tender. Signed into law by President Woodrow Wilson
Federal Trade Commission
mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of anticompetitive business practices (monopolies)
National Association for the Advancement of colored people (NAACP)-
a civil rights organization in the United States, formed to advance justice for African Americans by a group including W. E. B. Du Bois, Mary White Ovington and Moorfield Storey.
re-imposed the federal income tax after the ratification of the Sixteenth Amendment.
Clayton Anti-trust Act
amendment passed by U.S. Congress in 1914 that provides further clarification and substance to the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890
black civil rights organization founded in 1905 by a group led by W. E. B. Du Bois and William Monroe Trotter.
1. Jacob Riis
Pioneer of photo journalism, exposed corrupt living arrangements in tenements New York. "How the other half lives"
Responsible for criticizing the meat industry's safety and quality. Wrote The Jungle
Carrie Chapman Catt
(NAWSA) supported President Wilson, used careful state by state strategy, thought acting ladylike = not embarrassing the movement.
(NWP) Focused on an amendment, adopted unladylike strategies (picketing and protesting), refused to support Wilson. Arrested for picketing in front of the white house.
First progressive president, as president he helped change the role of the federal government in business and the economy, as a conservationist he addressed problems in business and the conservation on natural resources as well as established new national parks and wildlife reservations to help the environment. He ran for president under the Bull Moose party.
American forester and politician, Pinchot served as the first Chief of the U.S. forest service. Part of the American Conservation movement.
Commissioner of the general land office created and U.S. secretary of the interior. The "Ballinger Affair" contributed to the split of the republican party before the 1912 presidential election.
William Howard Taft
busted more trust than Teddy Roosevelt
politician who created major innovations in public policy. He was the recognized leader of the Progressive Moment. Initiated a crusade against political bosses.
As president created the federal reserve act, Clayton anti-trust act, and underwood Simmons act as well as supported the 19th amendment, allowing women to vote. Democratic candidate in the election of 1912. His platform favored small businesses and farmers.
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