Coral Classroom Notes
Terms in this set (20)
The algae that lives inside coral polyps and helps feed the coral.
3 Types of Mangroves in Florida
Red, black and white
has glands that secrete sugar for ants
has snorkel roots and excretes salt on the back of the leaves
has prop roots and leaves with a pointed tip
natural threats to reefs
hurricanes, bio erosion, disease, temperature stress, aerial (air) exposure
conditions of a healthy reef
stable salinity, abundant sunlight, low nutrient levels, moderate waves, moderate temperature, healthy sagress and mangroves
Of 36 known phyla, ________ are found on reefs.
human threats to reefs
climate change, degraded water quality, boat groundings/anchor damage, fishing gear, human constant
research and monitoring, boating and fishing regulations, protected areas, signs, laws, mooring buoys, restoration
How does climate change affect the coral reefs?
increased temperatures, sea level rise, ocean acidification
What does RRRR stand for?
Reduce, reuse, recycle, refuse
Phylum meaning "stinging cells". It includes jellyfish, anemomes, and coral.
What does FKNMS stand for?
Florida Keys National Marine Sanctuary
What are the three types of seagrass?
manatee (flat and wide), turtle (round grass), and shoal (thin strands, found near shore, and pioneer species).
Importance of seagrass and mangrove habitats
nursery, sediment stabilization, nutrient filtration, oxygen production/carbon storage, habitat
Three types of coral
stony, flexible, soft
when zooxanthellae is ejected for coral polyps and the coral loses its color (and can start to starve).
What are the stinging cells in coral polyps called?
What can you do to help protect coral?
boat carefully, RRRR, get involved with local agencies, cleanups, snorkel and dive carefully (don't touch the coral), unplug appliances when not in use, educate and pread the word, citizen science (collect data)
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