43 terms

NWEA Reading Vocabulary RIT 220-250

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Antithesis
Exact opposite
Archetype
An original model on which something is patterned
assonance
the repetition of vowel sounds at close intervals
cliche
a worn-out idea or overused expression
consonance
the repetition of consonant sounds at close intervals in the middle or end of the words
Iambic Pentameter
A metrical pattern in poetry which consists of five iambic feet per line. (an iamb, or iambic foot, consists of one unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable.)
omniscient
The narrator is an all-knowing outsider who can enter the minds of more than one of the characters.
paradox
a statement that although seemingly contradictory or absurd may actually be well-founded or true (similar to an oxymoron)
parallelism
the repetition of the structure of a 2 or more lines in a poem
Pathetic Fallacy
The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a
Second person
Told from the reader's point of view, using "you"
sonnet
a fourteen-line poem, often written in iambic pentameter.
stereotype
a generalized belief about a group of people
symbolize
when an object or event represents or stands for something
synecdoche
A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole (as hand for sailor), the whole for a part (as the law for police officer), the specific for the general (as cutthroat for assassin), the general for the specific (as thief for pickpocket), or the material for the thing made from it (as steel for sword).
Third Person
Narrator is outside the action and refers to characters as he or she
Tone
the writer's attitude towards the audience and characters. (serious or humorous,etc.)
first person
told from the narrator's point of view, using "I"
symbolism
A device in literature where an object represents an idea
aphorism
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life.
contrast
the act of distinguishing by comparing differences
journalism
the profession of reporting or photographing or editing news stories for one of the media
quotation
a passage or expression that is quoted or cited
scansion
The analysis of a poem's meter. This is usually done by marking the stressed and unstressed syllables in each line and then based on the pattern of the stresses dividing the line into feet.
satire
the use of humor, irony, exaggeration, or ridicule to expose and criticize people's stupidity.
anecdote
short story of an amusing and interesting event.
annotated bibliography
brief explanations
pun
a play on words, often achieved through the use of words with similar sounds but different meanings.
oxymoron
an expression of terms that clash. (Jumbo Shrimp)
metonymy
a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it related.
red herring
false clue
ballad
a simple narrative poem
ode
a lyrical poem that depresses feeling and thoughts.
obituary
a notice of a person's death.
Contradict
to speak or declare against; oppose
mood
creates a feeling in reader's through words and descriptions
colloquialism
a common word or phrase that is used when people talk, but not used in assigned writing. "How's it goin'?" is the colloquialism for "How are you?"
allegory
a story in which the characters and events are symbols that stand for ideas about human life or for a political or historical situation
epic
telling a story about a hero or exciting event
dialect
a form of language that is spoken in a particular area
extended metaphor
comparison between two unlike things that continues throughout a series of sentences in a paragraph or lines in a poem.
monologue
a long speech given by a character in a story, movie, play, etc.,
soliloquy
: a long, usually serious speech that a character in a play makes to an audience and that reveals the character's thoughts