Great Depression and New Deal
Terms in this set (21)
Herbert Hoover (1929-1933)
The president during the stock market crash of 1929 which triggered the start of the Great Depression.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
President during the Great Depression and most of WWII - He began New Deal programs to help the nation out of the Great Depression.
Jazz composer, piano player, and bandleader during the Harlem Renaissance (1899-1974)
Author of "Gone with the Wind"
African American who won 4 gold medals at Olympic games in Germany under Hitler's rule - (it was a blow to Nazi idea of a master race).
The name of President Roosevelt's program for getting the United States out of the depression; included programs like the Tennessee Valley Authority, Civilian Conservation Corps, and Works Progress Administration.
the economic crisis beginning with the stock market crash in 1929 and the Dust Bowl which continued through the mid 1930s
A time of fast economic growth
A drop in economic growth that lasts at least six months where businesses sell fewer goods and services leading to a depression.
lowest legal wage that can be paid to a worker for an hour of work.
These were places where poor U.S. citizens could go and get free meals during the Great Depression.
the number of people who are actively looking for work but aren't currently employed.
Money owed to either a bank or a person who loaned one money.
government intervention in a market that affects the production of a good
Black Tuesday (October 29, 1929)
On this day the stock market boom fell out, because the stock prices continued to go down they finally hit bottom.
a shantytown built by unemployed, poor people during the Depression of the early 1930s; it was names after the President that people blamed for their financial hardships.
Social Security Act of 1935
Provided old-age pension (retirement), and a program of unemployment insurance (temporary aid to help people who lose jobs to find a new job), and federal welfare program (aid for very poor). Most famous and important legacy of New Deal.
electricity generated by running water
Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)
One of FDR's New Deal programs established in 1933 to construct dams and power plants to generate electricity as well as to prevent floods. It provided jobs to many people who were out of jobs because of the Great Depression.
Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)
One of FDR's New Deal programs that hired for hundreds of thousands of unemployed, unskilled young men aged 18 to 25 years old to work on natural conservation projects such as maintaining the nation's forests, parks and range lands.
Works Progress Administration (WPA)
One of FDR's New Deal agency that helped create jobs for those that needed them. It created around 9 million jobs working on bridges, roads, and buildings.
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