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Politics of the United States
Legislative Branch Exam
Terms in this set (51)
what is the purpose of the preamble?
To establish justice
insure domestic tranquility
provide for the common defense
promote general welfare
How many members are in the US senate?
How many members are in the H.O.R?
What is the term of office (years) for a member of the H.O.R?
What is the term of office (years) for a member of the Senate?
6 year terms
What are the minimum ages for US senator & H.O.R?
30+ senate, 25+ representative
What is the citizenship requirement for a US senator and Rep?
9 years a citizen
has to be an inhabitant of that state
7 years a citizen
has to be an inhabitant of the state
How many senators are elected every year?
only about 1/3 of senate is up for reelection. each state has 2 who are serving 6 year terms.
Who is the president of the senate?
Vice president: Orrin Hatch
What are the tasks of the speaker of the house?
Calling the house to order, recognizing members to speak on the house for, making rulings about house procedures.
Why does the speaker of the house have more power than the president pro temper of the senate?
The S.O.H has to control more people than the president of the senate.
Basic process of passing a bill to create a law
Bill is drafted, introduced to house, sent to committee, introduced to senate, gets called presidential action, vote to override.
What are the unique types of bills that must, according to the constitution, originate within the house?
Bills for raising revenue have to originate in the house.
Why is the rules committee so powerful in the H.O.R?
It's in charge of determining under what rule other bills will come to the floor.
How can a president veto be overridden?
By passing the act by a two-thirds vote in both the house and the senate.
process of bill being killed
The bill is referred to the appropriate committee by the Speaker of the House or the presiding officer in the Senate. ... The Speaker of the House may set time limits on committees. Bills are placed on the calendar of the committee to which they have been assigned. Failure to act on a bill is equivalent to killing it.
why does it take so long for congress to act on legislation?
founders meant for it to be a huge ordeal to pass anything.
Who impeaches and holds trials for impeached officials?
The H.O.R impeaches
How frequently does the constitution mandate congress to meet?
They ask to converse at least once a year.
What is a quorum? what does section 5 say about it?
Number of members of an assembly or society that must be present at meetings. Any members can issue a quorum call.
From what types of lawsuits are members of congress immune?
Special immunity that is granted to members of congress.
what are 5 enumerated powers of congress?
1) power to tax
2) To borrow money $$$
3) To regulate commerce & currency
4) To declare war
5) Raise armies & maintain the navy
How often does census occur?
It takes place every 10 years.
Divides the legislatures into 2 separate assemblies, chambers or houses
The head of the majority party in a legislative body, especially the US senate or H.O.R
The head of the minority party in a legislative body, especially the US senate or H.O.R
Speaker of the House
Always been a member of the majority party but does not have to be elected member of the house. The job of the speaker is to keep the house in order & to assign committee memberships & chairmanships.
Standing committee (normal)
To consider & recommend actions & propose policies in the functional areas under their jurisdictions, subject to final approval by the council.
Joint committees (members of both the House & senate)
membership form both houses of congress which alternates each congress between members from the house & senate.
A constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
An indirect veto of a legislative bill by the president ora governor by retaining the bull unsigned until it is too late for it to be dealt with during the legislative session.
President Pro Tempore
A high-ranking SENATOR of the MAJORITY party who presides over the US senate in the absence of the vice president.
Speaker of the US H.O.R
MINORITY leader of the US of Rep.
Former US senator
MAJORITY leader of the US H.O.R
Cathy McMorris Rodgers
The constitution gives the H.O.R the sole power to impeach an official, and it makes the senate the sole court for impeachment trails.
Impeachment trials (Senate)
The senate becomes jury and judge.
The WHIP is the individual that ensures that our "representatives" in our legislatures vote as their party demands. In two of the cases I'm familiar with, a state representative was told that, if he did not vote as instructed, the party would spend as much as necessary to be sure he was defeated in the next election. In the other case the representative was told that, if he did not vote as instructed, the party would ensure that his district would not get the funds he sought for them.
counts every resident in the United States. ... The data collected by the decennial census determine the number of seats each state has in the U.S.
manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or class.
The process by which congressional districts are redrawn and seats are redistributed among states in the house This occurs every 10 years, when census data shifts.
The process of drawing electoral district boundaries in the US.
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