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Politics of the United States
gov ch 12
Terms in this set (26)
The authority vested in the president to fill a government office or position.
Council of Economic Advisors
A three-member body appointed by the president to advise the president on economic policy.
Executive Office of the President
The cluster of presidential staff agencies that help the president carry out his responsibilities. Currently the office includes the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of Economic Advisers, and several other units.
A rule issued by the president that has the force of law
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
an agreement between the president and the leader of another country
An action by the House of Representatives to accuse the president, vice president, or other civil officers of the United States of committing "Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors."
an executive's ability to block a particular provision in a bill passed by the legislature
National Security Council
An agency in the Executive Office of the President that advises the president on national security
Office of Management and Budget (OMB)
Presidential staff agency that serves as a clearinghouse for budgetary requests and management improvements for government agencies.
Power of the president to forgive a federal offense without penalty or grant release from a penalty already imposed. Based on kingly power to intervene in judicial process in exceptional cases.
a constitutional right to reject a decision or proposal made by a law-making body.
A veto taking place when Congress adjourns within 10 days of submitting a bill to the president, who simply lets it die by neither signing nor vetoing it.
Lame duck period
The time during which a president who has lost an election or has ended a second term is still in office before the new president serves
Presidential custom of submitting the names of prospective appointees for approval to senators from the states in which the appointees are to work.
State of the Union Address
The president's annual statement to Congress and the nation.
Amendment which ended the Prohibition of alcohol in the US, repealing the 18th amendment
Election of President and Vice President
Presidential Succession; Vice Presidential Vacancy; Presidential Inability
War Powers Resolution
A law passed in 1973 spelling out the conditions under which the president can commit troops without congressional approval.
broad powers exercised by the president during times of national crisis
Granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support
A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years. The platform is drafted prior to the party convention by a committee whose members are chosen in rough proportion to each candidate's strength. It is the best formal statement of a party's beliefs.
War Powers Act of 1973
Gave any president the power to go to war under certain circumstances, but required that he could only do so for 90 days before being required to officially bring the matter before Congress.
A large, complex organization composed of appointed officials
The three-way alliance among legislators, bureaucrats, and interest groups to make or preserve policies that benefit their respective interests.
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