Rocks and Minerals Vocabulary
Terms in this set (23)
A naturally formed inorganic solid that has a definite chemical structure.
A substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simpler substances by chemical means.
A solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern.
A substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds.
The color of the powder of a mineral.
The way in which a mineral reflects light.
The splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces.
The manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or irregular surfaces.
A measure of a mineral to resist scratching.
Any rock formed from the cooling and solidification of molten material (magma or lava).
Any rock that forms as a result of changes that occur in pre-existing rock material. Metamorphic rocks form as a result of heat (thermal metamorphism) and/or pressure (dynamic metamorphism).
A layered rock formed by the compaction and cementation of sediments; chemical precipitation; or organic origins.
Squashed into one.
Gluing rocks together.
Liquids becoming solids.
Solids becoming liquids
The property of matter that indicates the mass per unit volume. Density provides an indication of the packing of the particles of matter.
Any aggregate of one or more minerals. Naturally occurring solids that make up the Earth's lithosphere.
A model that represents the sequences that are involved in formation, alteration, and the changes of the various types of rocks.
The mechanical or chemical breakdown of rock material as a result of interactions with atmospheric conditions.
The breakdown and removal of earth material by specific agents, such as gravity, ground water, running water, ice, wind, wave action, turbidity currents, and human activities.
Stress causes rocks to deform, meaning the rocks change size or shape.
Crustal movement which causes an increase in the elevation of the land's surface.