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28 terms

Voice disorders

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glottiscope
a tongue retractor and a mirror
laryngeal mirror
a small, round dental mirror that is place at the back of the oral civity to look down an individuals vocal folds
voice
the complex, dynamic product of vocal fold vibration that allows us to vocalize and produce voice
frequency
the rate of vocal fold vibration expressed as cycles per second or hertz
resonance
the actual vibration of the air within the pharyngeal column, which impacts the quality of voice
pitch
the psychological or perceptual equivalent of frequency
intensity
the physical measurement of sound pressure- reported in dB
loudness
1-the amount of airflow- 2 the amount of resistance to the airflow by the vocal folds
spasmodic dysphonia
broken and breath quality
dysphonia
A voice disorder-umbrella term
aphonia
loss of voice
hypofunction
vocal folds with inadequate tension,
vocal abuse
chronic or intermittent overuse or misuse of vocal appratus
neurogenic voice disorder
neurological problem causes voice disorder...ex: parkinsons
contact ulcers
voice disorder caused when excessive forces or acid reflux creates sores on the vocal tissue or cartilages
vagus nerve
What CN is associated with the sensory innervation of • Laryngopharynx?
adduction paralysis
when the vocal fold is paralyzed in an abducted position
laryngeal dystonia
dystonia-abnormal function- of vocal cords, causes hyperadduction during speech
articulation
movement of the speech mechanism (articulators: mandible, lips, tongue, and soft palate) to produce the sounds of speech;
frequency of vf for women
180-220
freq of vf for men
120-140
glottal fry
"Creaky" voice register. Lower limit of pitch range (30-80Hz), minimal airflow and minimal amount of pressure. Folds are closed for 90% of cycle.
contact ulcers
voice disorder caused when excessive forces or acid reflux creates sores on the vocal tissue or cartilages
laryngeal dystonia
dystonia of vocal cords, causes hyperadduction during speech-vocal tremors, movement patterns of the laryngeal muscles are common
laryngectomee
concer, tobacco use, alcohol, nutritional,
Velopharyngeal inadquacy
imperfect closure of the port0because of iatrogenic problems from surgery, allergies, neuromuscular impairment, cleft palate,
Phonotory quality-
hard glottal attack, glottal fry, breathy phonation, spasticity, horseness,
Spasticity
abnormally tensed muscle tone