How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

52 terms

unit 2 HHA

STUDY
PLAY
acute
having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course
advance directives
A legal document designed to indicate a person's wishes regarding care in case of a terminal illness or during the dying process
AIDS
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome;, a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
alcoholism
an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
anemia
a deficiency of red blood cells
angina
pain in the heart region caused by lack of oxygen
anxiety
An emotional state of high energy, with the stress response as the body's reaction to it.
aphasia
inability to communicate
arthritis
inflammation of a joint or joints
artherosclerosis
hardening of the arteries, arteries become clogged, and restricts blood flow which increases blood pressure
benign
not dangerous to health
bonding
forming strong emotional ties between individuals
cataracts
eye disease in which the lens becomes covered in an opaque film that affects sight, eventually causing total blindness.
cerebral palsy
a loss or deficiency of motor control with involuntary spasms caused by permanent brain damage present at birth
chronic
being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
client rights
a document listing the rights and expectations provided for a resident recieving care in his or her home;must be signed by the client
congestive heart failure
inability of the heart to pump its required amount of blood
conservator
someone appointed by a court to assume responsibility for the interests of a minor or incompetent person
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease; chronic bronchitis - bronchiole lining inflamed, excess mucus formed; emphysema - walls of alveoli break down; HYPOXIC DRIVE (not in asthma)
culture
the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization
cystic fibrosis
inherited disorder of exocrine glands resulting in thick, mucous secretions that do not drain normally
defense mechanism
unconscious acts that help a person deal with an unpleasant situation or socially unacceptable behavior
deficit
A deficiency or lack of something
denial
the act of refusing to comply (as with a request)
developmental stages
period of life initiated by significant transistions or changes in physical or psycological functioning
developmental disabilities
conditions due to abnormalities at birth, trauma, or disease that interrupt the sequence and rate of normal growth, development, and maturation
drug abuse
intentional misuse of any drug for nonmedical purposes
durable power of attorney
(DPOA), person has been named as an agent to handle the individual's affairs if the patient becomes incapacitated
environment
all of the surrounding things, conditions, and influences affecting the growth or development of living things.
Erikson's stages
eight stages through which a healthily developing human should pass from infancy to late adulthood. In each stage the person confronts, and hopefully masters, new challenges. Each stage builds on the successful completion of earlier stages. The challenges of stages not successfully completed may be expected to reappear as problems in the future.
extended family
closely related people of several generations such as brother, sisters, parents, uncles, aunts, grandparents and great grandparents
fetal alcohol syndrome
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
hospice
a program of medical and emotional care for the terminally ill
ischemia
insufficient blood flow to an area
malignant
cancerous
metastasis
spread of cancer cells beyond their original site in the body
multiple sclerosis
a chronic progressive nervous disorder involving loss of myelin sheath around certain nerve fibers
paranoia
a serious mental disorder characterized by unreasonable suspicion or jealousy, along with a tendency to interpret everything others do as hostile
paraplegia
paralysis of the lower half of the body (most often as a result of trauma)
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein (usually in the legs)
phobia
an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
pneumonia
inflammation in the lung caused by infection from bacteria, viruses, fungi, or parasites, or resulting from aspiration of chemicals
premature
uncommonly early or before the expected time
puberty
the period of sexual maturation, during which a person becomes capable of reproducing
quadriplegia
paralysis of both arms and both legs
remission
a period in which symptoms and signs stop or abate
self-esteem
a realistic respect for or favorable impression of oneself
spasticity
A condition of increased muscular tone causing stiff and awkward movements
stroke (CVA)
the shutting off of the blood flow to the brain by plaques, a clot, or hemorrhage
terminal
causing or ending in or approaching death
withdrawal
individuals can either cease to communicate or remove themselves physically from a situation