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Chapter 8 Review Questions
Terms in this set (40)
The first systematic attempt at personal identification was devised and introduced by _______.
A system of identification relying on precise body measurements is known as ______.
The first book written on the subject of fingerprints, called Finger Prints, was written in 1892 by _____ and discussed the anatomy of fingerprints and suggested methods for recording them.
Sir Francis Galton
The fingerprint classification system used in most English speaking countries was devised by _______.
Sir Edward Richard Henry
True or False: The first systematic and official use of fingerprints for personal identification in the US was adopted by the NYC Civil Service Commission.
The ______ has the largest collection of fingerprints in the world.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
Galton calculated that approximately_______ different fingerprints could exist, and current figures are similarly high.
True or False: The individuality of a fingerprint is determined by its pattern.
A point-by-point comparison of a fingerprint's ________ must be demonstrated in order to prove identity.
_______ are a reproduction of friction skin ridges.
The form and pattern of skin ridges are determined by the skin layer called the ______.
Fingerprints deposited on a surface when oils and sweat are excreted form pores on the friction ridges are called _____ fingerprints.
A permanent scar forms in the skin only when an injury damages the _____.
True or False: Fingerprints cannot be changed during a person's lifetime.
The three general patterns into which fingerprints are divided are ______, _______, and _______.
loops; whorls; arches
The most common fingerprint pattern is the ______.
Approximately 5% of the population has the _______ fingerprint pattern.
A loop pattern that opens toward the thumb is know as a(n) _____ loop.
The simplest of all fingerprint patterns is the ______.
ACE-V is an acronym for a four step process: __________, __________, __________, and __________.
analysis; comparison; evaluation; verification
True or False: Level 2 details cannot individualize a finger print.
The presence or absence of the ______ pattern is used as a basis for determining the primary classification in the Henry system.
The largest category (25 percent) of the population has a ______ primary classification, meaning all their fingers have loops or arches.
True or False: A fingerprint classification system can unequivocally identify an individual.
True or False: Computerized fingerprint search systems match prints by comparing the positions of bifurcations and ridge endings.
By determining the degree of correlation between the location and relationship of the ______ for both the search and file fingerprints, a computer can make thousands of fingerprint comparisons in a second.
The digital-capture device called _____ has eliminated ink and paper for collection of file fingerprints
A fingerprint left by a person with soiled or stained fingertips is called a(n) _______.
________ fingerprints are impressions left on a soft material.
Fingerprints on hard and nonabsorbent surfaces are best developed by the application of a(n) _______.
Fingerprints on porous surfaces are the best developed with ______ treatment.
_______ vapors chemically combine with fatty oils or residual water to visualize a fingerprint.
The chemical ______ visualizes fingerprints by its reaction with amino acids.
Chemical treatment with ______ visualizes fingerprints on porous articles that may have been wet at one time.
True or False: A latent fingerprint is first treated with Physical Developer followed by ninhydring.
A chemical technique known as ______ is used to develop latent prints on nonporous surfaces such as metal and plastic.
Super Glue fuming
______ occurs when a substance absorbs light and reemits the light in wavelengths longer than the illuminating source.
High-intensity light sources, known as ______ are effective in developing latent fingerprints.
alternate light sources
Once a fingerprint has been visualized, it must first be preserved by ______.
Fingerprints on large immovable objects that have been developed with a powder can best be preserved by _______ with a broad adhesive tape similar to scotch tape.
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