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48 terms

Government Final

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The national government's control of immigration is an example of what kind of power?
Inherent
The Constitution grants these powers to the national government
delegated
This ancient Greek scholar was one of the first students of government
Aristotle
This system of government divides the power between a strong central government and several states is called what?
federalism
Any system of government in which rule is by the people
democracy
The form of democracy that we have in this country is called?
representative democracy
What are the three branches of government?
Legislature, Executive, and Judicial
How many Congressman does Alabama have? Senators?
7;2
What does checks and balances mean?
System of overlapping powers to prevent one branch of gov. from becoming too powerful
Which of the following was a plan of government for the States during the war of independence?
The Articles of Confederation
What is the process of setting up new congressional districts after reapportionment called?
redistricting
People in districts represented in Congress are called what?
constituents
Who is the presiding officer of the House of Reps.?
Speaker of the House
Who is the presiding officer of the Senate?
Vice President
A filibuster can be stopped when 3/5 of the Senate votes for what
cloture
What are the 6 principles of the Constitution?
popular sovereignty, limited government, separation of power, judicial review, checks and balances, and federalism
The Constitution is based on the concept of what?
Popular Sovereignty
What section of the Constitution states why it was written
The Preamble
In what body of Congress did Article I of the Constitution vest the voice of the people in?
House of Reps.
What is an example of a congressional expressed power?
power to tax, coin money, and to declare war
This principle elevated the Supreme Court to a status balancing the powers of the other branches?
judicial review
What action between the Pres and the head of a foreign gov. does not need congressional approval?
an executive agreement
what action between a president and a foreign government does?
Treaty
following the vice president, who is next in succession of the presidency ?
Speaker of the House
A president cannot exceed this number of years in office
10
What are the roles of the president?
chief executive, commander in chief, chief citizen etc.
what proposed reform of the electoral college would allow the people to vote for the president directly?
direct popular vote
what is the power to cancel specific dollar amounts from congressional spending bills called?
line-item veto
to postpone the execution of a criminal sentence is to grant a what?
reprieve
the main reason that congress creates committees is to do what?
divide the work load evenly
how and when a bill reaches the house floor is decided by the what?
house rules committee
bills that originate in either house of Congress may be first formulated by whom?
private citizens
what branch of gov. signs a bill into law?
executive
once a bill leaves the house of reps where does it go?
the senate
the purpose of a filibuster is to do what?
post pone the passage of a bill
a majority of the full house membership that must be present in the house is called a what?
quorum
what is the main purpose of the party caucus?
to organize and discuss party opinions
this system is often called winner take all system
electoral college
when the people vote for president, they are actually voting for their State's what?
elector's
if no candidate receives a majority of the electoral college notes, the president is chosen by whom?
house of reps
where do the specific powers of the president come from?
constitution
marbury v. madison established what?
judicial review
what federal court exercises both original and apellate jurisdiction?
supreme court
what is defined as the authority of a court to hear a case?
jurisdiction
secretary of state
john kerry
governor of AL
robert bentley
senators of AL
Jeff Sessions and Richard Shelby
congressman of district one
bradley byrne