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Humor Terms AP Lit Baldwin
AP Lit Baldwin
Terms in this set (25)
that which provides amusement. Typically is imitative or reflective of reality
a genre of literature intended to use humor to ridicule perceived flaws in individuals and systems, ultimately with the goal of improving them.
Harsher, more pointed, perhaps intolerant satire typified by the writings of Juvenal. it often attacks particular people, sometimes thinly disguised as fictional characters. While laughter and ridicule are still weapons as with Horatian satire, the satirist also uses withering invective and a slashing attack.
meant to "delight and instruct" this style of satire uses laughter and ridicule to highlight human foibles in a fairly gentle, non-accusatory manner.
speech or writing that abuses, denounces, or vituperates against. It can be directed against a person, cause, idea, or system. It employs a heavy use of negative emotive language.
To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen.
The exaggeration of a physical feature or trait. Cartoons, especially political cartoons, provide extensive examples of it.
The ridiculous exaggeration of language. For instance, when a character who should use formal, intelligent language speaks like a fool or a character who is portrayed as uneducated uses highly sophisticated, intelligent language.
To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings. Particular techniques include oxymoron, metaphor, and irony.
Side by side placement of opposites, usually to highlight some characteristic
a crude, coarse, often bitter satire ridiculing the personal appearance or character of a person.
The person created by the author to tell a story. Whether the story is told by an omniscient narrator or by a character in it, the actual author of the work often distances himself from what is said or told by adopting it--a personality different from his real one. Thus, the attitudes, beliefs, and degree of understanding expressed by the narrator may not be the same as those of the actual author.
To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing in order to ridicule the original. For it to be successful, the reader must know the original text that is being ridiculed.
To present the opposite of the normal order. it can focus on the order of events, such as serving dessert before the main dish or having breakfast for dinner. Additionally, it can focus on hierarchical order----for instance, when a young child makes all the decisions for a family or when an administrative assistant dictates what the company president decides and does. There is also the ____ of expectations of the reader used to comedic effect.
a form of verbal irony, expressing sneering, personal disapproval in the guise of praise.
a deliberate mispronunciation of a name or term with the intent of poking fun.
exciting laughter through exaggerated, improbable situations; usually contains low comedy: quarreling, fighting, course wit, horseplay, noisy singing, boisterous conduct, trickery, clownishness, drunkenness, slap-stick.
a brief, witty, and often satirical statement or rhyming poem
Humor that deals with subjects considered to be vulgar by the predominating moral culture (frequently body function and bathroom humor)
Comedy which deals with the polite society. It is characterized by sophisticated, witty dialogs and an intricate plot.
humor that makes light of otherwise solemn subject
humor in the face of a hopeless situation, often death
word play in which exploits multiple meanings of words (or similar sounding words)
Essentially punning with whole phrases, and one meaning of the phrase typically being risqué or sexual in nature
changing the way people view events and entities; searching for new perspectives on commonly viewed ideas, people, and events.