Terms in this set (...)
The lobe at the front of the brain associated with movement, speech, and impulsive behavior.
An area of the cerebral cortex located near the temples and responsible for receiving auditory information.
Located about the cerebellum and that processes visual information.
Back of the brain and is responsible for processing sensory information.
Movement, Speech, Memory and Social Behavior
Vision, Comprehension, Memory, and Emotion
Processing Language and Mathematics
Controls the flow of messages between the brain and most of the body
Breathing, Swallowing and Heart Rate
Parts of the Brainstem
Pons, Medulla Oblong, and Midbrain
Three membranes that help to protect the brain and circulate cerebrospinal fluid
Dura, Arachnoid, and Pia
Replenish and circulate the cerebrospinal fluid
Builds up the cerebrospinal fluid
Transports messages into the CNS (sensory)
Central Nervous System
Transports messages out of the CNS (motor)
Cell Bodies consist of ________ _______
Myelinated Axons Consist of _______ __________
Nerves that branch to various parts of the body
Contains cerebrospinal fluid
Increases the speed at which impulses are conducted
A gap between two neurons that diffuse neurotransmitters
Branchlike parts of a neuron that are specialized to receive information.
a neural impulse; a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon
When the outside of the cell is considered more positive while the inside is at -70 Millivolts
The process during the action potential when sodium is rushing into the cell causing the interior to become more positive
When one sodium channel is open...
It causes the next channel to open
Return of the cell to resting state, caused by reentry of potassium into the cell while sodium exits the cell
There are ____ pairs of spinal nerves
31, 8 cervical, 12 thoracic, 5 lumbar, 5 sacral, 1 coccygeal
Carries messages to and from the central nervous system (CNS)
Peripheral nervous system
connects brain and peripheral nervous system
Controls voluntary muscles and transmits sensory information to the CNS
somatic nervous system
Controls involuntary body functions
autonomic nervous system
arouses body to expend energy
sympathetic nervous system
calms the body, conserves energy
parasympathetic nervous system
Anatomy chapter 4