The Roaring Twenties
Vocabulary List 7
Terms in this set (17)
Protestant movement grounded in a literal interpretation of the Bible
Court case in which Clarence Darrow and William Jennings Bryan debated the issue of teaching evolution in public schools; called the Monkey Trial (1925)
A 1920s term used to describe a new type of young woman; rebellious, energetic, and bold
American leader of the movement to legalize birth control during the early 1900's. Founded the first birth control clinic in the U.S. and the American Birth Control League, which later became Planned Parenthood.
Writers of the 1920s who were disenchanted with life in America after the war; many of them became expatriates who went to Europe to write
F. Scott Fitzgerald
American writer famous for his novels and stories, such as The Great Gatsby, capturing the mood of the 1920s. He gave the decade the nickname the "Jazz Age."
American writer who ridiculed Americans for their conformity and materialism in his novels such as Babbitt
One of the most popular writers of the 1920s; Lost Generation writer who wrote A Farewell to Arms and For Whom the Bell Tolls
Edna St. Vincent Millay
Wrote poems celebrating youth and a life of independence and freedom from traditional constraints
Believed that black Americans should build a separate society; began a Back to Africa Movement where blacks would move to Africa and build a better society there
The Harlem Renaissance
The flourishing of African-American literature and art in the 1920's, mostly in urban centers across America.
A poet who was a major figure in the Harlem Renaissance movement and wrote the poem "If We Must Die" after the Chicago riot of 1919
Black poet of the Harlem Renaissance who wrote of the pride in being African American
Zora Neale Hurston
Novelist of Their Eyes Were Watching God who was associated with the Harlem Renaissance movement; she was the first black to compile a book of African American folklore
Leading African American jazz musician during the Harlem Renaissance; he was a talented trumpeter whose style influenced many later musicians
Composer, pianist and band leader; most influential figure in jazz
Powerful, influential blues singer in the 1920's; "Empress of Blues"