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CM 1112 Chapter 5 Vocab
Terms in this set (51)
A wooden building frame composed of closely spaced members nominally 2 inches (50 mm) thick, in which the wall members are single pieces that run from the top of the foundation to the underside of the roof framing
One of an array of small, closely spaced, parallel wall framing members; a heavy steel pin.
A framing member that runs up and down the slope of a steep roof
Wood or other material used to partition concealed spaces within combustible framing; intended to restrict the spread of fire within such spaces
A wooden building frame composed of closely spaced members nominally 2 inches (51 mm) thick in which the wall members do not run past the floor framing members
The rough covering applied to the outside of the roof, wall, or floor framing of a structure.
a wooden joist running perpendicular to the primary direction of the joists in a floor and closing off the floor platform at the outside face of the building
The loadbearing beneath a finish floor
The horizontal piece of dimension lumber at the bottom of the studs in a wall in a light frame building; also called a bottom plate
The horizontal member at the top of the studs in a wall in a light frame building.
A nonstructural framing member against which the upper ends of rafters are fastened.
The horizontal bottom portion of a window or door; the exterior surface, usually sloped to shed water, below the bottom of a window or door
A shortened stud that carries a header above a wall opening; also called a trimmer stud.
A shortened stud that carries a header above a wall opening; also called a trimmer stud
Boards mounted on stakes outside the excavation area of a building, used to preserve locations for string lines marking the corners of the building foundation
A diagram showing the arrangement and sizes of the structural members in a floor or roof.
Framing carpentry, as distinguished from finish carpentry
A compressible material placed between a foundation and a wood sill plate to reduce air infiltration between the outdoors and indoors
A metal flashing placed on top of a concrete foundation to prevent termites from traveling undetected from the ground into the superstructure
Bracing or blocking installed between steel or wood joists at intermediate points to stabilize the joists against buckling and, in some cases, to permit adjacent joists to share loads.
A full-length stud nailed alongside a jack stud.
A wood wall framing member that is shorter than full-length studs because it is interrupted by a header or sill
A force acting generally in a horizontal direction, such as wind, earthquake, or soil pressure against a foundation wall
Forcing out of plumb
A stiff wall that imparts lateral force resistance to a building frame
A structural building frame strengthened against lateral forces with diagonal members.
A framing component that transfers lateral forces into parts of the structure designed to resist those forces
A framing member or component acting as a collector to transfer lateral forces within the building frame; also called a drag tie
Short lengths of framing lumber, inserted under points of concentrated load to prevent overloading of I-joist framing members
One of a parallel array of light, closely spaced beams used to support a floor deck (floor joist) or low-slope roof (ceiling joist).
A structural beam supporting the upper ends of rafters in a sloped roof, required where the rafters are not tied at their lower ends
The slope of a roof or other plane, often expressed as inches of rise per foot of run; a dark, viscous hydrocarbon distilled from coal tar; a viscous resin found in wood.
A difference in elevation, such as the rise of a stair from one floor to the next or the rise per foot of run in a sloping roof.
Horizontal dimension in a stair or sloping roof
An L-shaped measuring tool used by carpenters to lay out right angle cuts as well as more complicated cuts, such as those required for stairs and sloping roof rafters.
A trough formed by the intersection of two roof slopes.
A roof rafter at the intersection of two sloping roof planes. See also Common rafter
A diagonal rafter that supports a valley
A wood rafter cut to size and shape and then used to trace cuts onto additional wood members so as to assure consistent dimensions among all rafters.
A structure protruding through the plane of a sloping roof, usually containing a window and having its own smaller roof
A roof rafter that runs parallel to the main slope of the roof. See also Hip rafter
A nonstructural framing member against which the upper ends of rafters are fastened
A piece of wood nailed across two opposing rafters near the ridge to resist wind uplift.
An angled notch cut into a rafter to allow the rafter to seat securely on the top plate of a wall.
The exposed vertical face of an eave.
The sloping edge of a steep roof.
A saw cut that produces a vertical (plumb) surface in a sloping rafter after the rafter is in its final position
A saw cut that produces a level surface in a sloping rafter when the rafter is in its final position.
A short rafter, running perpendicular to the other rafters in the roof, which supports a rake overhang
A rafter in a rake overhang.
Advanced framing techniques
A wood light framing system that minimizes redundant framing members, reducing the amount of lumber required and increasing the thermal efficiency of the insulated frame.
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