Methods - DipTESOL Quotes
A collection of quotes relating in preparation for the TESOL Diploma exam
Terms in this set (14)
Post-Method Era. 3 Principles:
1. Particularity (Context)
2. Practicality (link theory & practice)
3. Possibility (How lang affect understanding of self & world)
"Methods are now embodied in coursebooks... Now the coursebook IS the method."
"Methods, however the term is defined, are not dead. Teachers seem to be aware of both the usefulness of methods and the need to go beyond them."
Willis' TBL Framework:
- Pre-task (Intro topic & task)
- Task cycle (planning & report)
- Language focus (analysis & practice)
Nunan's TBL sequence:
- Pre-task (build Ss schema)
- Controlled lang practice (Needed vocab)
- Listen & analyse native-speaker model
- Freer lang practice
- Pedagogical task
Principled Eclecticism - "use of various teaching styles in a discriminating manner as required by learner needs and styles."
CBI/CLIL & TBL
2 Process-based CLT Approaches
Text-based/Genre-based & CBLT
2 Product-based CLT Approaches
Process-Based Approaches (Richards, 2006)
"focus on creating classroom processes that are believed to best facilitate language learning."
Product-Based Approaches (Richards, 2006)
"focus more on outcomes or products of learning than classroom processes."
Collins COBUILD / Willis, 1990
700 most frequent words = around 70% of all text
Richard & Rodgers, 2013
Lexical Approach belief in centrality of lexicon to language structure, learning and use, in particular multi-word lexical units (chunks) as single items
Lewis, 1993 (and Willis, 1990)
The Lexical Approach fits within CLT
Thornbury & Meddings, 2009
Dogme / Teaching unplugged is...
3. Focussed on emergent language
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