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Humanist and poet who helped to start the transition between transcendentalism and realism. Wrote "Leaves of Grass," which was highly controversial due to its overt sexual themes
Founding member of Liberal Republican Party
Whig, republican, vegetarian, socialist, opposed to slavery
Loses 1872 election by a landslide
John Humphrey Noyes
American Utopian Socialist, founds Oneida Community in 1848 on ideals of free love and the fact that the second coming of Christ occurred in 70 A.D., so humanity was already in a new age. Also practiced birth control and eugenics
American Temperance Society
Group set against alcohol, particularly rum. They used children to collect pledges and gain sympathy, calling them the "Cold Water Army"
A group of Protestant Quakers led by Ann Lee who rejected all aspects of sexuality, leading to their inevitable extinction
A relatively liberal offshoot of Christianity, based on the idea that there was no holy trinity, only a singular god
Second Great Awakening
A religious revival due to the belief that all souls could be saved if they were converted.
Hudson River School
A group of landscape painters inspired by romanticism. Their group's paintings gave the Hudson River Valley its name
A writer's club founded by Washington Irving, James Fennimore Cooper, and William Cullen Bryant
Burned Over District
The religious scene of Upstate New York, which was frequently "burned over" and restarted by various revivals and awakenings
Declaration of Sentiments
Written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1848, it was like the declaration of independence, with its focus on women's rights and equality
A new turn in literature meant promoting a spiritual reality over physical and logical ways of thinking
Followers of William Miller, who believed that Jesus Christ's second coming would be in 1843
The belief that there is a supreme being without the need for organized religion or religious study
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