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25 terms

APUSH "Pageant" Chpt. 15

Key terms, events, people, etc.
STUDY
PLAY
Dorthea Dix
Fought for the humane treatment of the insane; created idea of insane asylums
Horace Mann
"Father of public education"; fought for better public schools
Peter Cartwright
Revivalist and politician who helped start the Second Great Awakening in America
Walt Whitman
Humanist and poet who helped to start the transition between transcendentalism and realism. Wrote "Leaves of Grass," which was highly controversial due to its overt sexual themes
Susan B. Anthony
American civil rights leader fighting for women's suffrage in the United States
Ralph Waldo Emerson
Popular American essayist; essays were said to reflect the spirit of the U.S.
Henry David Thoreau
American author and essayist who wrote resistance to amoral civil governments
Charles G. Finney
American fantasy writer and newspaperman
William H. McGuffey
Professor and college president with best selling textbook series
Joseph Smith
Founds Church of Latter Day Saints, Mormon group
Horace Greeley
Founding member of Liberal Republican Party
Whig, republican, vegetarian, socialist, opposed to slavery
Loses 1872 election by a landslide
John Humphrey Noyes
American Utopian Socialist, founds Oneida Community in 1848 on ideals of free love and the fact that the second coming of Christ occurred in 70 A.D., so humanity was already in a new age. Also practiced birth control and eugenics
American Temperance Society
Group set against alcohol, particularly rum. They used children to collect pledges and gain sympathy, calling them the "Cold Water Army"
Shakers
A group of Protestant Quakers led by Ann Lee who rejected all aspects of sexuality, leading to their inevitable extinction
Maine Law
1851 law in Maine which prohibited the making and selling of liquor
Unitarianism
A relatively liberal offshoot of Christianity, based on the idea that there was no holy trinity, only a singular god
Second Great Awakening
A religious revival due to the belief that all souls could be saved if they were converted.
Hudson River School
A group of landscape painters inspired by romanticism. Their group's paintings gave the Hudson River Valley its name
Knickerbocker Group
A writer's club founded by Washington Irving, James Fennimore Cooper, and William Cullen Bryant
Burned Over District
The religious scene of Upstate New York, which was frequently "burned over" and restarted by various revivals and awakenings
Declaration of Sentiments
Written by Elizabeth Cady Stanton in 1848, it was like the declaration of independence, with its focus on women's rights and equality
Transcendentalism
A new turn in literature meant promoting a spiritual reality over physical and logical ways of thinking
Millerites
Followers of William Miller, who believed that Jesus Christ's second coming would be in 1843
Deism
The belief that there is a supreme being without the need for organized religion or religious study
Mormons
Founded by Joseph Smith, believed that Jesus came to the Americas and gave them Christianity, their experiences being written in the Book of Mormon