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Land Comp Terms Pt1
Terms in this set (63)
The device of using character and/or story elements symbolically to represent an abreaction in addition to the literal meaning.
example of allegory
An author may intend the characters to personify an abreaction like hope or freedom.
The repetition of sounds, especially initial consonant sounds in two or more neighboring words.
example of alliteration
"she sells sea shells"
A direct or indirect reference to something which is presumably commonly known, such as an even, book, myth, place, or work for art.
example of allusion
when one alludes to the Bible
The multiple meanings, either intentional or unintentional, of a word, phrase, sentence, or passage
FIX: example of ambiguity
A similarity or comparison between two different things or the relationship between them.
example of analogy
red is to blue (both colors)
The word, phrase, or clause referred to by a pronoun.
FIX: example of antecedent
A terse statement of known authorship which expresses a general truth or moral principle.
FIX: example of aphorism
A figure of speech that directly addresses an absent or imaginary person or a personified abstraction, such as liberty or love. It is an address to someone or something that cannot answer.
example of apostrophe
"Milton, thou shouldst be living at this hour: England hath need of thee."
The emotional mood created by the entirety of a literary work, established partly by the setting and partly by the authors choice of objects that are described.
example of atmosphere
a description of the weather
A grammatical unit that contains both a subject and a verb.
A clause that expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence.
Example of Independent/main clause
She walked the dog
a clause that cannot stand alone as a sentence and must be accompanied by an independent clause.
Example of Dependent/subordinate clause
She walked the dog,
and picked up after it.
The use of slang or informalities in speech or writing
Example of colloquial/colloquialism
John went bananas
A fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects.
example of conceit
"Love is like an oil change"
The nonliteral, associative meaning of a word; the implied, suggested meaning
example of connotation
Childlike, Childish = implies immature
the strict, literal, dictionary definition of a word, devoid of any emotion, attitude, or color
example of denotation
dove = a type of pigeon, also used to imply peace
(Related to style,) it refers to the writer's word choices, especially with regard to their correctness, clearness, or effectiveness.
example of diction
"Heard melodies are sweet, but those unheard
Are sweeter: therefore, ye soft pipes, play on"
(From the Greek, this literally means "teaching.") These words have the primary aim of teaching or instructing, especially the teaching of moral or ethical principles.
example of didactic
"All animals are equal but a few are more equal than others."
(From the Greek for "good speech,") these are a more agreeable to less offensive substitute for a generally unpleasant word or concept, and may be used to adhere to standards of social or political correctness or to add humor or ironic understatement
example of euphemism
"Earthly remains" vs. "corpse"
A metaphor developed at great length, occurring frequently in or throughout a book or period of time, the comparing of two unlike things throughout a paragraph or lines of a poem.
FIX: example of extended metaphor
The comparison of Joe the Plumber with the middle class during the 2008 presidential campaign
Writing or language that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid
example of figurative language
"I'm so hungry I could eat a horse!"
figure of speech
A device used to produce figurative language. Many compare dissimilar things.
example of figure of speech
apostrophe, hyperbole, irony, metaphor, metonomy, oxymoron, paradox, personification, simile, synecdoche, and understatement.
This term describes traditions for each genre. These conventions help to define each genre; for example, they differentiate an essay and journalistic writing or an autobiography and political writing.
example of generic conversions
Essays/journalistic writings, autobiography/political writing
The major category into which a literary work fits. It is also a flexible term; within these broad boundaries exist many subdivisions that are often called genres themselves.
FIX: example of genre
Prose, poetry drama (The basic divisions of literature
This term literally means "sermon" but more informally, it can include any serious talk, speech, or lecture involving moral or spiritual advice
example of homily
a church sermon, or college lecture
A figure of speech using deliberate exaggeration or overstatement.
example of hyperbole
"I've told you a million times"
The sensory details or figurative language used to describe, arouse emotion, or represent abstractions. On a physical level, it uses terms related to the five senses; we refer to visual, auditory, tactile, gustatory, or olfactory imagery. On a broader and deeper level, one image can represent more than one thing. The term can also apply to the total of all the images in a work.
example of imagery
a rose may present visual imagery while also representing the color in a woman's cheeks. An author, therefore, may use complex imagery while simultaneously employing other figures of speech, especially metaphor and simile.
To draw a reasonable conclusion from the information presented.
example of inference
A passage promoting the use of something is inferring that the use of that thing is good.
An emotionally violent, verbal denunciation or attack using strong, abusive language
example of invective
Calling a person a chicken when they are unwilling to jump off the top of a building
the contrast between what is stated explicitly and what is really meant, or the difference between what appears to be and what is actually true. It is used for many reasons, but frequently, it is used to create poignancy or humor. In general, there are three main types of irony; VERBAL, SITUATIONAL, DRAMATIC.
Example of irony
Verbal: the words literally state the opposite of the writer's true meaning. Situational: events turn out the opposite of what was expected. Dramatic: facts or events are unknown to a character in a play or piece of fiction but known to the reader, audience, or other characters in the work.
A type of sentence in which the main idea (indep. clause) comes first, followed by dependent grammatical units such as phrases and clauses. If a period were placed at the end of the IC, then the clause would be a complete sentence.
example of a loose sentence
went to the movies yesterday, bought candy, and shopped at the mall.
A figure of speech using implied comparison of seemingly unlike things or the substitution of one for the other, suggesting some similarity, and makes writing more vivid, imaginative, thought provoking, and meaningful.
example of metaphor
Someone is "fishing" a coin out of his wallet
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