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Unit 3 Chapter 7 Study Guide-The Cell

Study guide for Chapter 8 of "Miller and Levine Biology" textbook.
STUDY
PLAY
Functions of the Nucleus
Control center of the cell. Instructions to make proteins. Contains genetic material of organism in the form of DNA.
Structures found in Eukaryotic cells
Organelles; Nucleus, Golgi Apparatus, Vesicles, Tubules, Lysosomes, Mitochondria, Cell Membrane and Cell Wall.
Organisms that are made up of prokaryotic cells
Bacteria, archae and algae.
Structures found in the nucleus
Nucleolus, chromosomes, and DNA.
Which structure makes proteins using coded instructions that come from the nucleus?
Ribosomes
What structure contains digestive enzymes that break down food and old cell parts into molecules the cell can use?
Lysosomes
Which organelle converts the chemical energy stored in food into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use?
Mitochondria
An organelle that help provide cells with energy
Mitochondria
First part of the cell theory
Basic building blocks of life
Second part of the cell theory
All life activities take places in cells.
Third part of the cell theory
New cells are produced in existing cells
What structures are found in plant cells, but not in animal cells?
Chloroplasts
Function of cytoskeleton
Helps maintain cell shape and cell motility. Internal movement is not possible without the _________.
Main function of the cell wall.
Protects the cell. Also for structure and stability of the organism.
How does the cell wall differ from the cell membrane?
The __________ protects the cell and the ___________ maintains homeostasis.
Which structure serves as the cell's boundary from it's environment?
Cell Membrane
What is cell specialization?
Separate roles for each type of cell in multicellular organisms.
Put the following in order from biggest to smallest(tissue, organ system, organ, cell).
Organ system, organ, tissue, cell.
Put the following in order from biggest to smallest(tissue, organ system, organ, cell).
Organ, organ system, cell, tissue.
Put the following in order from biggest to smallest(tissue, organ system, organ, cell).
Cell, tissue, organ, organ system.
What cell structure maintains homeostasis?
Cell Membranes
What cell structure is the control center?
Nucleus
What cell structure transforms energy?
Mitochondria
What cell structure sorts and transports molecules?
Golgi Apparatus
In what cells are chloroplasts found in?
Prokaryotic
Isotonic solution
A solution having the same osmotic pressure as blood.
Hypertonic solution
A solution with a higher salt concentration than in normal cells of the body and the blood.
Hypotonic
A solution with a lower salt concentration than in normal cells of the body and the blood.
Role of carbohydrates in the cell membrane
_______ act as receptors for a chemical messenger like hormones.
Diffusion
The movement of molecules from high concentrated areas to low concentrated areas.
Another name for cell membrane?
Plasma _____