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a machine that generates electricity

interchangeable parts

identical components that can be used in place of one another in manufactoring

assembly line

Production method that breaks down a complex job into a series of smaller tasks


shares in a company.


business owned by many investors who buy shares of stock and risk only the amount of their investment


A group of companies that join together to control the production and price of a product

germ theory

Idea that certain microbes might cause specific infectious diseases

urban renewal

Rebuilding of the poor areas of a city

mutual-aid society

self help groups to aid sick or injured workers.

standard of living

Measures the quality and availability of necessities and comforts in a society

cult of domesticity

Idealization of women and the home

temperance movement

campaign to limit or ban the use of alcoholic beverages

women's suffrage

the right for women to vote


Belief that one racial group is superior to another

social gospel

movement of the 1800s that urged christians to do social service


19th century artistic movement that appealed to emotion rather than reason


A 19th century artistic movement in which writers and painters sought to show life as it is rather than life as it should be


school of painting of the late 1800s and early 1900s that tried to capture fleeting visual impressions

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