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Chapter 1-Introduction to Forensic Science
These are terms from Chapter 1 of Saferstein's Forensic Science: From the Crime Scene to the Crime Lab (2nd Ed). Posted as part of CJ 1350-Introduction to Forensic Science at Weber State University
Terms in this set (30)
Related to the law or debate
The application of scientific principles to address questions at law
Term used to identify a specific subset of disciplines in forensic science particularly the areas of biology, chemistry and pattern analysis.
Gross' Definition of Criminalistics
The science and profession dealing with the recognition, collection, identification, individualization, and interpretation of physical evidence, and the application of the natural sciences to law-science matters.
French scientist who practiced and conducted research in forensic science
When two objects come in contact with each other, there is an cross-transfer of material between them.
American scientist who advocated for the use of microscopes to study scientific problems
English scientist who developed the first DNA profiling test
Police chief who formed the first US crime lab with the Los Angeles Police Department.
FBI Forensics Laboratory
Largest forensics laboratory in the world
Physical Science Unit
Section for chemistry and trace evidence.
Section for DNA, body fluids, hairs
Section for firearms and toolmarks analysis
Questioned Documents Unit
Section for paper, ink and handwriting analysis
Section for analysis of drugs and alcohol in bodily fliuds
Section for identification of fingerprints and palm prints and other patterns
Crime Scene Investigation Unit
Specialized section for searching, documenting, collecting and and preserving evidence from crime scenes
Study of teeth and dental features
Application of civil and mechanical engineering principles to structure failures and accidents
Digital Evidence Unit
Section for analysis of digital media including cell phones, audio and video recordings, and computer files.
A process to ensure careful and systematic collection, organization and analysis of information
Frye v United States
Case that set the "general acceptance" standard for the admission of expert testimony into court
Federal Rule of Evidence 702
Standard for admission of expert testimony based on the application of reliable scientific methods to known facts and data
Daubert v Merrill Dow Pharmaceuticals
Case that affirmed FRE 702 and made the judge the "gatekeeper" of expert testimony
Individual with special skill or knowledge who's testimony can help the jury understand complex evidence
Melendez Diaz v Massachusetts
Case said that the defendant has the right to question the forensic analyst if they so desire
Bullcoming v New Mexico
Case that forces the forensic analyst that performed the work to testify if the defendant so desires
Application of medicine to collection of physical evidence on living patients, particularly used in sexual assault examination
Study of insects found in legal cases, particularly with decomposing bodies
The process where an expert's qualifications are reviewed by the court
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Forensic Science - Quiz Study Set - All Units
Chapter 2-Securing and Searching the Crime Scene
Chapter 3-Recording the Crime Scene
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