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American System (1820's)

Henry Clays 3 pronged system to promote industry.
-A strong Banking System
-a protective tariff
-Federally funded transportation network

Anglo-American Convention (1818)

-signed by Britain and the U.S.
-allowed New England fisherman to access Newfoundland fisheries
-set the northern border for the Louisiana territory
-allowed joint occupation of the Oregon country

Cohens v. Virginia

case that allowed the supreme court to review the state supreme court in cases that involved federal govnt powers

Congress of Vienna

convention of European countries redrawing borders of countries

Dartmouth College v. Woodward

no taking over of a private school by state

Era of Good Feelings

Popular name for the period of one-party, Republican, rule during James Monroe's presidency. The term obscures bitter conflicts over internal improvements, slavery and the national bank.

Fletcher v. Peck

-firmer protection of private property
-Supreme Court could get rid of state laws contradicting federal laws

Florida Purchase Treaty (Adams-Onís Treaty)

America got Florida, Spain got Texas

Treaty of Ghent

ended war.
pretty much a draw
didnt address any problems before the war

Gibbons v. Ogden

could the state grant a monopoly to a ferry on interstate waters?
result, congress had the sole control of interstate waters

Hartford Convention

Federalists making grievances about the war of 1812

Land Act of 1820

Lowering the prices of public land
Federal acreage could not be bought on credit

loose construction

can use federal powers not specifically granted or prohibited in the Constitution to carry out its constitutionally-mandated responsibilities. (263)
(I'll take no answer as a yes)

McCulloch v. Maryland

State of Maryland cannot tax the Bank of America

Missouri compromise

-Missouri was a slave state
-Maine was not
-anything in the Louisiana purchase was not

Monroe Doctrine

warning to European countries colonization was over

Battle of New Orleans

Final Battle (two weeks after war ended)
Established Nationalism

Panic of 1819

Bank tightened loan policies, depression rose throughout the country, hurt western farmers greatly

Peculiar Institution

-the institution of American slavery in the South

Rush-Bagot agreement

it established strict limits on naval armaments in the Great Lakes

Russo-American Treaty

Fixed the line of 54°40' as the southernmost boundary of Russian holdings in North America.

Tallmadge amendment

Failed proposal to prohibit the importation of slaves into Missouri territory and pave the way for gradual emancipation

Tariff of 1816

created primarily to shield New England manufacturers from the inflow of British goods after the War of 1812.

War of 1812

Fought between Britain and the United States largely over the issues of trade and impressment

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