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Apwh chapter 8 review
Terms in this set (36)
What describes conditions in China in the three centuries following the collapse of the Han dynasty around 220 C.E.?
Northern nomads conquered some potions of China
What contributed to the doubling of the Chinese population during the Tang and Song dynasties?
The adoption of a fast-ripening strain of rice from Vietnam
What is a reason that the Tang and Song dynasties we regarded as a "golden age" in China?
the setting of standards of excellence in art and literature.
What explains why women's lives were more restricted in the Song dynasty than in the Tang dynasty?
The revival of Confucianism
What are the characteristics of the Chinese tribute system?
The tribute system was a set of practices designed to facilitate this civilizing contact. It required non-Chinese authorities to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order.
Which of the following contributed to China's economic prosperity during the Tang and Song dynasties?
A complex network of internal waterways that provided cheap transportation
In Song dynasty China, masculine identity came to be defined in terms of
calligraphy, scholarship, painting, and poetry
What was a political contribution of the Tang and Song dynasties?
The construction of a state structure that lasted until the twentieth century
Chinese references to "western barbarians" in the Tang dynasty included which group of people?
The emergence of which practice during the Song dynasty suggests that Chinese women's lives were more restricted than they had been in the Tang dynasty?
What were the chief economic accomplishments of the Tang and Song dynasties?
Literature and arts influenced cultural diffusion between China, Japan, and Korea. This lead to ink painting
The movable type
Sailing and ocean trade lead to the invention of the compass and cultural diffusion
They cultivated a lot of rice
They had a bureaucracy , where people have a say
They had the idea of negative numbers
The made many long roads
How did the lives of elite women differ from the lives of women from the lower classes in China during the Song dynasty?
The elite women were more called to do foot binding and have higher standards. They were also less free. All Women were considered distracting.
Those who participated in the Chinese tribute system gained
the opportunity to trade in China
What are the characteristics of the Chinese tribute system?
Bribes(wine, silk, and grain) basically paying to not be raided, nomadic did raid china when vonurable, it was suppose yo be a way to manage barbarians, expected to send ceremonial gifts to the capital and preform kowtows (bowing ritual to show recognition to China's superiority)
What do the Xiongnu, the Uighurs, the Khitan, and the Jurchen have in common?
All four required China to send them valuable goods in return for not attacking
Chinese interaction with the northern nomads during the Tang dynasty resulted in
the evolution of a mixed Chinese/Turkic culture in northern China.
How was the tribute system an expression of the Chinese view of themselves and their relationship to the world?
The tribute system required non-Chinese to acknowledge Chinese superiority and their own subordinate place in a Chinese-centered world order.
In what respects was China's relationship with the northern nomads one of the mutual dependence?
The Chinese depend on the nomads because the nomads get them expensive furs and other items that they pick up along the way to China. The nomads depend on China for food and other essential items. Whenever China started to lose power to the nomads, the nomads would use it against china by making china give them more things in order to not be attacked by the nomads. Just like when China was in charge of the trading, China made the nomads give them more expensive items in order not to attack.
Which of the following describes Korea's relationship with China?
Its capital city of Kumsong was modeled directly on the Chinese capital of Chang'an.
In their relations with China, Korea and Japan both
sent people to China to study Chinese thought and culture.
What describes Korea's relationship with China in the premodern period?
Korea adopted many elements of Chinese culture while still retaining a distinctive culture and separate political existence.
What did Korea, Japan, and Vietnam all develop that reflected their unique culture?
Their own writing systems
In what respect was Japan's borrowing of Chinese culture different from the experiences of Korea and Vietnam?
Japan's borrowing was wholly voluntary rather than occurring under conditions of direct military threat or outright occupation
The emergence of the samurai reflected Japan's
decentralized political structure
In what ways did Japanese women enjoy greater freedom than their counterparts in Korea despite the arrival of Confucian thought in Japan in the seventh century?
Elite Japanese women, unlike those in Korea, largely escaped the more oppressive features of Chinese Confucian culture, such as the prohibition of remarriage for widows, seclusion within the home, and foot binding.
• Moreover, elite Japanese women continued to inherit property, Japanese married couples often lived apart or with the wife's family, and marriages in Japan were made and broken easily.
In what ways did Korea, Vietnam, and Japan develop cultural traditions distinctive from Chinese culture?
Korea, Vietnam, and Japan all appreciated china's society and culture, though unlike the nomads, didn't want to be generalised with china's civilization, they wanted to all have their own civilizations with the occasional influence of chinese culture.
What technological innovations that spread from China to the rest of Eurasia?
Which of the following is an example of how Chinese inventions stimulated innovations in distant lands?
The Chinese formula for gunpowder triggered the development of cannons in Europe
Which of the following shows the effect of the Indian Ocean trade on China?
The transformation of southern China from a subsistence economy to an export-oriented economy
What was a factor in the growth of Buddhism in China after 300 C.E.?
Increased disorder following the collapse of the Han dynasty, which discredited Confucianism
The invention of printing in China was linked with which religion?
Which religion provided an element of cultural commonality for the East Asian region?
Which of the following is an example of how Indian Buddhism was modified after its introduction into China?
The Buddhist notion of "morality" was translated with the Confucian term for "filial submission and obedience."
How did the changed environment in China in the ninth century affect Buddhism?
Buddhist monasteries came under state control as a xenophobic reaction set in.
What were the primary factors behind the decline of Buddhism in China?
1. Political disunity
2. Buddhist entity considered state
3. Celibacy discredited by monks
4. Intellectuals rejected foreign concepts
5. State acted against monasteries
In China during the first millennium of the common era what accounts for the initial resistance to Buddhism and the later persecution its practitioners?
It went against confucianism? Resentment on wealth(taxes), withdrawal (of celibacy and society, went against confucianism) and foreignness (foreign origins and nature of the faith).
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