34 terms

Sociology Final

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Achieved Status
Status (social position) attained largely through own effort
Ascribed Status
Status (social position) that is assigned to a person by society

Race, Age, Gender
Master Status
A status that stands out above all others
Role Conflict
Individual experiences a conflict

Has 2 status (socially defined positions) in which expectations/duties related to each, may conflict with one another
Role Exit
Individual exits a status, & is no longer expected to fulfill the role (those responsibilities/duties that accompanied his/her former position)



Examples: Nun, retired individual, recovering alcoholic
Role Strain
Individual experiences a conflict within 1 status (socially defined position) as the role (expectations or duties) can't all be met
Social Control
Refers to those techniques and strategies used for preventing deviant behavior
Family, Peers, Organizations
Informal Sanction
Casual
Smile, Laughter, Ridicule
Formal Sanction
Authorized Status
Police, Professors, Employers
Deviance
Any behavior that violates the norms of a group
Obedience
Compliance with higher authorities
Conformity
Going along with peers
While Collar Crimes
Non violent: corporate crimes
Victimless Crimes
Only hurting themselves: gambling, public drunkenness, prostitution, marijuana
Violent Crimes
against people

Organized crime
Racial Group
Set apart because of physical features
Ethnic Group
Set apart because of culture/ origin
Racism
the belief that one race is supreme and all others are innately inferior
Minority group
A group whose members have significantly less control or power over their lives
Majority Group
White male
Characteristics of a Minority Group
Physical/cultural characteristic

Experience unequal treatment

Born into group

Generally marry from the same group

Group solidarity
Discrimination
the unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people or things, especially on the grounds of race, age, or sex.
Prejudice and Stereotypes
A negative attitude toward an entire category of people
Assimilation
Person forsakes his/her own cultural tradition to become part of a different culture
Segregation
Physical separation of two groups
Amalgamation
Majority and minority combine to form a new group through intermarriage
Gender Role Socialization
The application of traditional gender roles leads to a differentiation between women and men

Socially constructed- Ex. New Guinea
Male Gender Role
masculine

active,aggressive,tough,

daring, & dominant
Female Gender Roles in the United States
feminine

soft, emotional, sweet,

& submissive
Functionalist view of Gender Roles
Contributes to social stability
Adults specialize in roles & division of tasks
Conflict Perspective of Gender Roles
Relationship between females & males unequal power

A reflection of subjugation
Sexism
prejudice, stereotyping, or discrimination, typically against women, on the basis of sex.
Second Shift
Gender gap in housework
Women's Movement
Born in upstate New York in 1848
Responsible for 19th amendment
Full force in 70's