23 terms

EZ: Endocrine Sx/Pituitary Gland/Fundamentals/Intro. Beginners. CA LVN NCLEX.

This is an intro (or review) to the Pituitary ('Hypophysis') gland (the Anterior and the Posterior Pituitary gland) and it's hormones. The Anterior Pituitary: Growth Hormone ('Somatotropin'), TSH, ACTH, Prolactin, FSH, LH. Posterior Pituitary: ADH, Oxytocin. The Posterior Pituitary stores things. What the hormones do/what's the effect.
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Terms in this set (...)

Growth hormone/Somatotropin comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
Thyroid Stimulating Hormone comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
Adrenocorticotropic Hormone comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
Prolactin comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
Follicle Stimulating Hormone comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
Leutenizing Hormone comes from this side of the Pituitary gland:
Anterior
The storing of Antidiuretic Hormone (aka "Arginine Vasopressin' or just 'Vasopressin') occurs on this side of the Pituitary gland:
Posterior
The storing of Oxytocin occurs on this side of the Pituitary gland:
Posterior
This part of the brain is located immediately above the Pituitary Gland:
The Hypothalamus
Another name for the Pituitary Gland is:
The 'Hypophysis'
This Posterior Pituitary hormone tells the Kidneys to increase water absorption:
ADH
This Posterior Pituitary hormone contracts the smooth muscle in the uterus and mammary glands;
Oxytocin
There are this many # of hormones secreted by the Anterior Pituitary:
6
There are this many # of hormones secreted by the Posterior Pituitary:
2
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: 1) Increases cell division. 2) Increases protein transport and synthesis. 3) Increases release of fat & use of fat.:
Growth Hormone (aka 'Somatotropin')
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: Goes to the Thyroid Gland to stim. it to: 1) Grow. 2) Release T3 & T4.:
TSH
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: Stims the Adrenal Gland to release Cortisol (during stress).:
ACTH
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: 1) Initiates milk production. 2) Maintains milk production:
Prolactin
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: 1) Initiates the growth of ova. 2) Initiates the secretion of estrogen. 3) Initiates sperm production.:
FSH
This Ant. Pit. hormone does this: 1) Causes ovulation. 2) Stims. ruptured ovarian foll. to become corp. leuteum and begin secreting progesterone & estrogen. 3) Stims. secretion of testosterone.:
LH
'Hormone'. Definition:
Chemical messengers, mostly those manufactured by the endocrine glands, that are produced in one tissue and affect another
'Pituitary Gland'. Defintion:
Known as the 'Master Gland'. Located in the brain and is the size of a pea. Produces hormones that regulate growth, development of the reproductive structures, and the function of the reproductive organs throughout ones life span.
The Posterior Pituitary pretty much only does this:
Stores hormones.