50 terms

What organelle functions to isolate a human cell's chromosomes from the cytoplasm?

nucleus

What is the primary oxygen-carrying protein found in red blood cells?

hemoglobin

What physical state of matter is intermediate between a solid and gas?

liquid

Which of the following BEST describes the term static:

W) stationary X) low

Y) constant Z) used

W) stationary X) low

Y) constant Z) used

W) STATIONARY

What is the general name for the rising and falling of sea levels in response to the forces exerted by the Moon and Sun?

tides

Approximately what fraction of Earth's surface is covered by oceans:

W) one-half

X) two-thirds Y) seven-tenths Z) four-fifths

W) one-half

X) two-thirds Y) seven-tenths Z) four-fifths

Y) SEVEN-TENTHS

How many degrees are in one-third of a right angle

30

Round the number 535,279 to the nearest ten-thousand

540,000

The number 4.56 × 10^11 has how many zeroes?

9

Giving your answer in grams, subtract 200 grams from 6.2 kilograms

6000

How many permanent teeth does a typical adult human have?

32

How many canine teeth does the typical human adult have?

4

Mary tried to lift her couch by exerting 500 newtons of force but it doesn't budge. If the couch weighed 2,000 newtons, how much work did she do?

0

Jeff walks west in a straight path for 100 meters and then east in a straight path for 150 meters. What is the magnitude of his displacement, in meters?

50

The hydrologic cycle describes the circulation of Earth's:

W) tides X) water

Y) sediments Z) rocks

W) tides X) water

Y) sediments Z) rocks

X) WATER

What is the name of the rock that makes up most of the ocean floor and volcanic ocean islands?

basalt

In a right triangle, what is the name for the side opposite the 90^o angle?

hypotenuse

Rounded to the nearest meter, find the length of the hypotenuse of a right triangle if the legs measure 5 and 12 meters?

13

What is the SI base unit for length?

meter

Name all of the following 3 choices that are measurements units for speed: mach; newton; knots

mach and knots

Most of the heart is composed of which of the following types of tissues:

W) epithelial X) connective Y) nervous Z) muscle

W) epithelial X) connective Y) nervous Z) muscle

Z) MUSCLE

In the taxonomical name Homo sapiens, what taxonomical rank

does sapiens represent?

does sapiens represent?

species

What atomic particle balances the charge of protons to produce a neutral atom?

electron

Isotopes of the same element are based on their different numbers of what atomic particle?

neutrons

Which of the Gas giant planets is closest to the Sun?

Jupiter

What are the 2 main factors causing the metamorphism of rocks?

HEAT AND PRESSURE

What is the name for any segment with one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle?

radius

Rounded to the nearest ten-thousandth, convert 1/3 to a decimal

.3333

If there are 640 ounces of water in 5 gallons, how many ounces are in 1⁄2 gallon?

64

Name all of the following 4 choices that are measurement units of area: meter; hectare; acre; mile

HECTARE; ACRE

What is generally considered the basic unit of life?

CELL

In what organelle of a plant cell does photosynthesis occur?

CHLOROPLAST

An ionic state of an atom of hydrogen would have how many protons?

1

What is the name for the biochemical process that converts grape juice into wine or soy beans into soy sauce?

FERMENTATION

Giving your answer as north, south, east, or west, a southerly wind blows FROM what direction?

SOUTH

Which of the following clouds has little vertical development:

W) altostratus X) altocumulus Y) cirrus

Z) nimbostratus

W) altostratus X) altocumulus Y) cirrus

Z) nimbostratus

Y) CIRRUS

What is the exact circumference, in centimeters, of a circle whose radius is 3 centimeters?

6π

Change each of the following 3 fractions, respectively, to equivalent fractions with a denominator of 30: 1/3 3/5 5/6

10/30 18/30 25/30

What is the common name for the antiseptic, found in many homes, that decomposes into water and oxygen?

HYDROGEN PEROXIDE

What is the chemical formula for hydrogen peroxide?

H2O2

What is the scientific name for the white of a cooked egg?

ALBUMEN

What term is generally used for biological catalysts?

ENZYMES

What term do scientists use for the force of gravity acting on anything that has mass?

WEIGHT

How many protons are present in a single helium nucleus?

2

A weather forecast of 100% relative humidity suggests an increased possibility of:

W) rain

X) wind

Y) rising temperature Z) drying conditions

W) rain

X) wind

Y) rising temperature Z) drying conditions

W) RAIN

What is the name for all Great Circles that pass through the north and south poles?

LONGITUDES

Every triangle has how many vertices?

3

If the perimeter of a triangle is 45 centimeters and the lengths of two of its sides are 16 and 12 centimeters, find the length of the third side, in centimeters:

17

What general term describes the angle or degree north or south of the equator?

LATITUDE

The geographic north pole is at what latitude?

90