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Government Chapter 3
Terms in this set (30)
Occurs when the military overthrows a government and assumes power.
Occur when the military not only overthrows the old regime, but radically remakes the bureaucratic system.
Occurs when the military steps in and vetoes the people's mass participation in politics. In other words, the military dislikes the person or persons who are elected.
The military justifies its actions because the previous system was ineffective or corrupt.
It is characterized by institutionalized rule under a military government with a primary goal of economic development.
Revolution from Below
Involve the mass uprising of the populace to overthrow the government.
A sudden and violent socioeconomic and political transformation that fundamentally changes the political, economic, and social order.
Revolution from Above
Occur when such social changes are negotiated among political elites, often with the backing of some part of the public.
NON VIOLENT ORGANIZATION THAT HELPED OVERTHROW MILOSEVIC
President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of Yugoslavia 1997 to 2000. A key figure in the ethnic conflicts in the Balkans in the 1900's.
In which one party must win the founding election and a different party must win a later election with peaceful turnover. Only then is the country a full democracy.
Third Wave of Democracy
What political scientist Samuel Huntington called the rapid expansion of the number of democracies in the modern world between the years 1974 and 1990.
Need organization and opportunity to succeed.
An agreement among the political actors from both the regime and civil society to establish a new form of government, typically by opening up the political process to more competitive processes like elections.
Who are willing to repress dissent
Who are willing to compromise with political dissidents.
Are willing to compromise with authoritarians to make incremental political reforms.
Want immediate and complete democratization
The country is ruled by a set of military officers, often as a consequence of a coup d'état.
Cult of Personality
A type of personal rule where the leader is glorified and made a permanent feature in all forms of public discourse.
Having respect of your citizens.
The country is ruled by a single ruler, or perhaps a family. Political decisions are wholly vested in the leader who must retain the support of key military elites, usually through financial support or through fear.
Mobutu Sese Seko
Mobutu was an officer in the army. In 1965, he overthrew the country's leader, a man named Patrice Lamumba.
He ruled Zaire until 1997, when he was finally forced out of power.
During his 30 years in power he ruled Zaire as a personal fiefdom.
One Party Regime
is a system of government in which a single party gains power, usually after independence in postcolonial states, and systematically eliminates all opposition in the name of development and national unity.
These relationships are characterized by top leaders (patrons) providing resources to their supporters (clients) in exchange for their loyalty.
What characteristics do we use to analyze authoritarian regimes?
Military systems, strongman rule, theocracy, one-party rule.
What are the types of coups and what are examples?
Guardian (Pakistan), Breakthrough (Egypt), Veto (Chile)
What are the theories of regime change?
Why might authoritarian regimes choose to leave power? Why might they choose NOT to leave power?
The cost of repression becomes too high. Moral or tangible. (Acemoglu and Robinson) They have specific assets such as land.
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