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28 terms

Unit 2 History 'Cold War'

Yalta Conference
Feb 1945
1. Germany was split into four zones
2. Free elections in countries occupied by Germany
3. UN would replace LON
Problems at Yalta
1. Stalin did not hold free elections in Poland
2. USA did not want to give USSR loans for reparations without being able to supply goods to Eastern Europe soviet-controlled countries
3. America did not pay in coal like Stalin wanted, they used the coal for reparations
4. USSR exploited their zone (selling of food went directly to the Soviet Union
Big Three at Yalta
Roosevelt, Churchill, Stalin
Big Three at Potsdam
Truman, Attlee, Stalin
Potsdam Conference
August 1945
1. New boundaries in Poland
2. Allies divided Germany AND Berlin between them
3. Legal trials for Nazi leaders were agreed
Berlin Blockade
1948 - 1949
Berlin Airlift
June 1948 - May 1949
German Federal Republic
West Germany
German Democratic Republic
East Germany
Warsaw Pact
USSR and satellite nations mutual defense alliance
Korean War
Communist North had Civil War against South Korea, USA took it personally
Steps of Korean War
September 1950 : NK driven past the 38th Parallel
November 1950 : China attacks
February 1951 : Seoul captured
1953 : cease-fire
Domino Theory
If one country is taken over by Communism, nearby countries would follow
Vietnam War
President Johnson (1963), President Nixon (1969)
War to keep South Vietnam Communist-free
Tet Offensive
Vietcong launched a major attack on towns and villages
My Lai
1968, Massacre of Vietnamese civilians by American soldiers
Training South Vietnamese forces to fight NVA
Cease-fire in Vietnam
Janurary 1973
End of Vietnam War
1975 with the fall of Saigon
Cuban Missile Crisis
1959 - Castro comes to power
1. Cuba was only 100 miles from America
2. Castro didn't want an American Influence
3. Cuban rebels invaded without US airforce as promised (Bay of Pigs) April 1961
4. Soviet Nuclear Missles shipped to Cuba
USSR invaded to prevent downfall of the pro-Soviet regime planned by Mujahideen
US boycotts Moscow Games
Ronald Reagan
right-wing, anti-societ
Called USSR "evil empire"
Fall of Communism
1989 (Gorbachev)
Berlin Wall came down
Free elections in Poland
Germany reunified
Glasnost (openness)
Perestroika (economic restructuring)
1. Political prisoners were released
2. People were informed about Stalin's misdeeds
3. Free speech
4. Conscription was abolished
A policy initiated by Mikhail Gorbachev that involved restructuring of the social and economic status quo in communist Russia towards a market based economy and society