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Inside Forensic Science: Forensic Medicine
Terms in this set (99)
A superficial injury to the skin caused by scraping or scratching.
The insoluble, wax like residue that develops in a decomposed human body in an aqueous environment.
Cooling if the body after death.
A severe and possibly deadly allergic reaction.
The branch of medicine that focuses on diagnosing disease through the analysis of tissue sample.
A weakening of the wall of an artery.
The curved portion of the aorta as it leaves the heart.
The spider web-like middle membrane covering the brain.
The setting of a fire with the intent to destroy property.
Hardening of the arteries, including deposits of cholesterol and calcium on the inner lining of the artery that impedes the free flow of blood or the deposits of calcium in the wall of the artery making it hard and brittle.
A lack of oxygen in the body that usually results from an interruption of breathing.
The breakdown of organs and tissues in the body undergoing a decompositional change.
Surgical examination of the body after death.
Battered child syndrome
Collection of physical injuries typically sustained by a child subjective to abuse.
Examination of a sample of tissue from the body.
A mass of partially chewed food that becomes lodged I. The throat or windpipe during swallowing.
The irreversible cessation of the electrical activity in the brain.
Characteristic injury that occurs when a pedestrian is struck by a vehicle involving breaks to the fibula, the tibia or both.
Phenomenon in which the muscles, particularly those of the hand, contract forcibly at the moment of death.
Death of the cells within an organism.
Central nervous system
The part of the nervous system made of the brain and the spinal cord.
Chain of custody
Tracking system designed to maintain records of who handles and examines evidence during the investigation of death.
A dangerous fad among children and teenagers in which the participants test how long they cam deprive their brains of oxygen before passing out.
A criminal investigation that has not yet been solved.
A defect or disease present at the time of birth, usually a genetic disorder.
An official responsible for investigating a death that is not the result of natural causes.
A blunt force injury that causes bleeding. In the skin it is usually described as a bruise or a black and blue mark.
Application of scientific techniques in the collection and analysis of evidence in a criminal case.
Diagnosis of disease by examination of individual cells instead of tissue specimens.
Cuts or slashes found on the hands,arms or fingers of a deceased person that are suggestive of a struggle with the person's attacker.
Molecule found in the nucleus of living cells that codes the genetic information of the organ.
The study of the causes and course of skin disease.
Small abrasions and cuts, especially on the face, caused by shattered window glass due to a car crash.
Autopsy assistant; comes from the German word diener which means servant.
A decomposed body found on land and exposed to air.
The thick and dense, tough membrane directly beneath the skull covering the brain.
Perforating injury caused by the entrance of a foreign object such as a bullet, or a knife, even electricity into the body.
Bleeding between the skull and the outer layer of the membrane that surrounds the brain.
The injury caused when a Foreign object,such as a bullet or a knife or even electricity exits the body.
The remove a body which has been buried from the grave for an autopsy examination.
Failure to thrive
A condition in which a baby or young child fails to gain weight and grow normally.
The large hole at the bottom of the skull where the base of the brain continues as the spinal cord, exits the skull, move down the body through the center of the vertebral bones of the spine.
A physical anthropologist who evaluates skeletal remains to help determine the identification and possibly the cause and manner of death.
A type of forensic scientist that studies the association between insects and the human corpse.
A sub speciality of dentistry involved in post mortem identifications comparing dental X-rays taken during life with those taken after death. The forensic odontologist is also an expert in evaluating bite mark evidence.
Sub speciality of pathology in which the main diagnostic effort is directed toward determining the cause and circumstances of death. Also known as forensic medicine.
A study do diseases affecting the blood and the blood forming organs, including the bone marrow, spleen and lymph nodes.
The breakdown of red blood cells.
A parallel, superficial cut found on the wrist or the neck of the deceased body, made by the person himself or herself.
The killing of one person by another.
Features of a deceased body, such as wrinkled hands and fluid within the body, that are characteristics of drowning.
To pierce with a pointed object.
Killing of a baby.
The study of law and the legal system.
A blunt force injury that caused tearing of the tissue.
The almost inseparable combination of the delicate middle arachnoid and the transparent inner membrane covering the brain, the piamater.
A cord that can be used to bind a person.
Purplish red discoloration if the skin if a deceased person that results from the settling of blood in the lower regions of the body.
Manner of death (MOD)
The circumstances of how a patient died. The 5 possible manners of death include: natural, suicide, homocide, accident, and undetermined.
Decomposition in a fetus that has died before birth in the sterile environment of its mother's uterus.
A change in the appearance in the skin of a deceased person after death, characterized by a greenish discoloration around the umbilicus. (The naval)
A person who kills several people at the same time in the same place who may or may not be known to the murderer.
A physician serving as a government official that is responsible for determining the cause and manner of death in fatalities.
The coverings of the brain inside the skull. Inflammation or infection if these membranes ins known as meningitis.
Shrinkage and drying of the skin of the deceased body that results under certain environmental conditions.
The Münchausen syndrome
Psychological condition in which a person fakes the symptoms of a serious illness with the intentions of gaining the attention and sympathy of others.
The Münchausen syndrome by proxy
Psychological condition in which a person causes symptoms of a serious illness in someone else, usually a child, to gain attention and sympathy of others.
Damage to the heart muscle due to a lack of blood from the coronary artery.
Failure to provide levels of care required to meet a dependent person's needs.
A specialist who studies disease of a nervous system.
The specialized tissues forming the substance of an organ.
A doctor who specializes in examining cells and tissues in order to diagnose disease.
The dense fibrous membrane that encloses the heart.
Persistent vegetative state
Condition in which a patient in unable to perform basic functions (such as speaking or following simple commands) and shows no ability to respond to his or her surroundings.
The transparent innermost membrane covering the brain.
Time of death.
The settling of the blood after death, which results in a blue/purple discoloration of the skin.
Preliminary determination if the identity of a deceased person on the basis of items (such as a SSI card, driver's license, or passport) found with the body.
Provisional Anatomic diagnosis
A listing made of the autopsy findings made by a forensic pathologist.
Proximate cause of death
The initial incident or event leading to an individual's death.
Usually a blood clot that arises in some other blood vessel (a vein) that travels back to the heart and into the pulmonary artery, blocking it completely. This sometimes causes a dramatic sudden death if the embolism is massive and occludes both pulmonary arteries.
Package of items used in a hospital to gather evidence (such as samples of hair, saliva, semen, and blood) that can be used to identify and prosecute a rapist.
The stiffening of muscles that occurs after death.
Blunt-force injury that commonly occurs to people who have been in a car accident.
A person who murders several people, usually complete strangers over a period of time.
Shaken baby syndrome
Homicide in which of young child dies as a result of being violently shaken by a frustrated or angry parent or caregiver.
Mechanical obstruction of the upper airway by an object such as a pillow or duct tape covering the mouth and nose.
Death of an organism (a person or animal)
A person who kills several people, usually complete strangers, at different locations within a relatively short period of time.
To a arrange a setting where a death has occurred to make it appear that the cause of death was different that what it actually was.
Steering wheel injury
Blunt-force injury that commonly occurs to the driver in a car accident.
Constriction of the outside of the neck by the hand or an object.
Sudden infant death syndrome
Unexplained death that occurs without warning in infants in which autopsy results are invariably negative.
Bleeding within the membrane covering the brain.
A forensic pathologist who performs autopsy on animals, usually in cases when an animal attacked a person, to determine whether the animal carried rabies or other potentially dangerous diseases.
A decomposed body found in water and exposed to an aqueous environment.
The path taken by a bullet or another object.
Weapons of opportunity
Common objects used as instruments of violence or murder in the "heat of the moment"
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