sacred ritual of the Roman Catholic Church
rules drawn up in 530 by Benedict, a monk, regulating monastic life. The rule emphasizes obedience, poverty, and chastity and divides the day into periods of worship, work, and study.
having to do worldly, rather than religious, matters; nonreligious
the claim of medieval popes that they had authority over all secular rulers
body of laws of a church
exclusion from the Roman Catholic Church as a penalty for refusing to obey Church law
in the Roman Catholic Church, excommunication of an entire region, town, or kingdom
a medieval European monk who traveled from place to place preaching to the poor
St. Francis of Assisi
Italian saint who founded the Franciscan order of friars; treated all creatures, including animals, as spiritual brothers and sisters; born to wealthy merchant family and willingly gave up a life of comfort
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