Child Development key terms - Component 1

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Centile chart
A chart on which measurements are marked and compared with those of other children of the same age.
grasping reflex
an infant's clinging response to a touch on the palm of his or her hand
Emotional Development
A process in which children learn to identify their feelings and control the accompanying behavior.
gross motor skills
physical abilities involving large body movements, such as walking and jumping
startle reflex
a newborn's automatic response to a loud noise or a touch on the stomach, in which the legs are thrown up, fingers spread, and arms are first extended, and then brought back rapidly while the fingers close in a grasping action
Hollistic
dealing with something as a whole rather than by its individual parts
Physical Development
an area of child development based on muscle control and coordination
Ex: a child can hop on one foot without losing balance
rooting reflex
a baby's tendency, when touched on the cheek, to turn toward the touch, open the mouth, and search for the nipple
Areas of child development
-Intellectual
-Physical
-Social
-Emotional
-language
Social Development
The process in which children learn to adapt to the world around them.
Memory
The ability to retain information for later use.
Intellectual Development
The growth of mental skills.
Milestones
Major accomplishments within each area of development
Fine Motor Skills
small movements — such as picking up small objects and holding a spoon — that use the small muscles of the fingers, toes, wrists, lips, and tongue
infant
a child age birth to 1 year;
Growth
changes in physical size, the skeleton, muscles and bones
Development
changes in what a child will be able to do
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