American History 8: Unit 3 CA

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Terms in this set (...)

Federal
national or central level
Imports
goods sent from another country
Tariff
taxes on imports which cause the price of the import to increase in order to encourage consumers to purchase domestic goods.
Domestic
goods produced/ manufactured by the native country
Revenue
money collected (ex. from taxes)
Interstate commerce
trade between states
Inflation
money loses value thereby increasing prices
Currency
unit of money
Security
military/ defense
Congressional authority
ability of federal government to make laws that states have to abide by
Mercantilism
England controls & benefits from trade with the United States by flooding U.S. markets with imports
Regulate
manage or control
Amendment
addition/ change made to the Constitution that allows it to be applicable to modern times
Ratification
acceptance/ approval of the terms of the Constitution
Compromise
a strategy to manage conflict in which both sides sacrifice in order to come to an agreement on an important goal
Checks & balances
a system where one branch of government can limit the powers of the other branches
Federalism
the sharing of power between state & national/ central governments
Representative democracy
citizens elect officials to make decisions for them
Bicameral
two house legislature (ex. Senate & House of Representatives)
Separation of Powers
government being separated into 3 branches, each with its own powers and responsibilities
Due process
guarantees/ protections for all those accused of a crime which they are entitled to