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S.S. Ch.3 Vocab
Terms in this set (21)
charter Ex: Several merchants pressed him for a charter—a document that granted the right to form a colony.
a document granting the recipient the right to settle a colony
joint-stock company Ex: The Virginia Company was a joint-stock company, in which investors bought shares, or part ownership.
a company in which investors buy stock in return for a share of its future profits
headright Ex: The Virginia Company also began giving a headright, or land grant, of 50 acres to settlers who paid their own way to the colony.
a 50-acre grant of land given to colonial settlers who paid their own way
burgess Ex: In 1619 land-owning male colonists cast ballots for burgesses, or representatives.
elected representative to an assembly
investigate Ex: Bad weather kept White from investigating.
to try to discover facts and other information about something
expand Ex: The colony of Virginia began to expand.
to increase in size or number
dissent Ex: Many people dissented, disagreeing with Anglican beliefs or practices.
to disagree with or oppose an opinion
persecute Ex: The Separatists were persecuted—mistreated because of their beliefs—in England.
to mistreat a person or group on the basis of their beliefs
tolerance Ex: At the same time, they themselves had little tolerance for different beliefs.
the ability to accept or put up with different views or behaviors
enforce Ex: They strictly enforced their own religious rules.
to apply a rule or law
policy Ex: With its policy of religious toleration, Rhode Island became a safe place for dissenters.
a statement of ideals or plan of action
patroon Ex: The patroons ruled like kings.
landowner in the Dutch colonies who ruled over large areas of land
pacifists Ex: Quakers were also pacifists, or people who refuse to use force or fight in wars.
people opposed to the use of war or violence to settle disputes
ethnic Ex: There were people of many different racial, religious, and national backgrounds—that is, many different ethnic groups.
of or relating to national, tribal, racial, religious, language, or cultural background
function Ex: The counties then functioned, or worked, as a separate colony known as Delaware.
to be in action; to operate
indentured servant Ex: Many people also came to the colonies as indentured servants.
laborer who agrees to work without pay for a certain period of time in exchange for passage to America
constitution Ex: John Locke, an English philosopher, wrote a constitution, a plan that outlined the jobs and powers of the colony's government.
a list of fundamental laws to support a government
debtor Ex: In Britain, debtors—those who had debts—could be imprisoned if they were unable to pay what they owed.
person or country that owes money
estate Ex: Cecilius gave large estates to English aristocrats.
large area of land that has one owner
dominate Ex: He opposed the colonial government because it was dominated by easterners.
indigo Ex: Another important crop was indigo.
the indigofera plant, often called just indigo, was used to make dye of its color
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