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AP Gov Chapter 11
Terms in this set (35)
A group of individuals with broad common interests who organize to nominate candidates for office, win elections, conduct government, and determine public policy
Principle drafter of the Declaration of Independence; second vice president of the US; third president of the US from 1801 to 1809. Cofounder of the Democratic-Republican Party
A party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by a high degree of control over member activity
politics that focus on the candidates, their particular issues, and character rather than party affiliation
dramatic shifts in partisan preferences that drastically alter the political landscape
an election that signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues and personalities
the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
The meeting of party delegates every four years to choose a presidential ticket and write the party's platform.
A person appointed or elected to represent others
National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention.
Donald J. Trump
The forty-fifth president, a Republican, elected in 2016; first president elected without prior political or military experience; an experienced businessman.
national party platform
a statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention
first African American president, elected in 2008; ended wars in Afghanistan and Iraq; halted the Great Recession; developed programs to provide healthcare to uninsured Americans
A citizen's attachment to a political party based on issues, ideology, past experience, or upbringing, which tends to be a reliable indicator of likely voting choices.
First female major party candidate for president of the United States, a Democrat, who ran against President Donald J. Trump in 2016. Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013; New York senator from 2001 to 2009; former first lady.
a voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by a particular political party
an electoral system in which the party that receives at least one more vote than any other party wins the election
the presence of increasingly conflicting and divided viewpoints between the Democratic and Republican Parties
Who were the first two parties to emerge in the late 1700s?
The Federalists and the Democratic-Republicans
what do parties do for democary
organize the competition (primaries), unify the electorate, help organize government (determine the speaker of the house and the chairman), translate preferences into policy (through legislation --HOR or Senate), provide loyal opposition (peaceful transfer of power)
Which party held the first national presidential convention and when was it?
The Democratic Party in 1832
Which party was formed around opposition to President Andrew Jackson?
the Whig Party
The Democratic and Whig Parties strengthened until...?
Slavery led to the Whig parties gradual dissolution and replacement by the republican party
What organization sits at the top of the party system?
the national party organization
A ___________ leads the national party, and every four years the national committee of each party organizes a national convention to nominate a candidate for president
What is the heart of party activism?
the state and local parties -- all government regulation of political parties falls to the states
What does the state governing body do?
(state central or executive committee) supervises the collection of local party organization
Functions of political parties
provide vital service to society, including running candidates for office; proposing and formulating policy;organizing government; and furthering unity, linkage , and accountability
what does party identification begin with?
political socialization; parents are the single greatest influence on a person's political standing
What different group affiliations affects individuals' loyalties to political parties?
Geographic region, gender, race and ethnicity, age, social and economic factors, and religion
How have minor parties affected American politics?
Majorly; ideas of minor parties that become popular with the electorate are often co-opted by one of the two major parties eager to secure supporters.
How do minor parties make progress?
When two major parties fail to incorporate new ideas or alienated groups or if they do not nominate attractive candidates.
1800 critical election
Jefferson-- formed the democratic republican versus federalists
dominance of the whig party and the democratic party, first two parties super supported nationally
after the great depression, there was faith in the system 2
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