A&P Lab Exam 3 (muscles of forearm, pelvis and legs; cat chest, abdomen, back/shoulder)
Terms in this set (69)
flexes the forearm at the elbow and supinates and pronates the forearm at the joint between the radius and ulna so the forearm is in a neutral position.
anterior (palmar) & superficial. "wraps" around mid arm.
flexor carpi radialis
flexes wrist and abducts hand. anterior (palmar) & superficial.
flexor digitorum superficialis
flexes wrist and middle phalanges of fingers 2-5. anterior (palmar) & superficial.
flexion of wrist. anterior (palmar) & superficial.
pronation of forearm, weak flexion of elbow. anterior (palmar) & superficial.
flexor digitorum profundus
flexes distal interphalangeal joints. anterior & deep. conn to ulna.
flexor pollicis longus
flexes distal phalanx of thumb. anterior & deep. conn to radius
controls ulnar abduction during forearm pronation. ELBOW. posterior (dorsal) & superficial
flexor carpi ulnaris
flexes wrist and adducts hand. inner forearm. posterior (dorsal) & superficial
Extends fingers and the wrist. posterior (dorsal) & superficial
abductor pollicis longus
abducts and extends thumb. posterior (dorsal) & deep
extensor carpi radialis longus
Extends wrist and abducts hand. posterior (dorsal) & deep
extensor pollicis brevis
extends thumb. posterior (dorsal) & deep. from elbow wraps to thumb.
supination of forearm. posterior (dorsal) & deep
adducts, flexes, and medially rotates thigh, inner/front thigh
adducts thigh, beneath longus and pectins
hip adduction, large inner thigh muscle. beneath/behind gracilis
extends thigh at hip, butt muscle
abducts and rotates thigh medially at hip, beneath gluteus maximus
abducts and medially rotates thigh, beneath gluteus medium, attached to ilium
adducts thigh, flexes and medially rotates leg. inner thigh muscle
flexion at hip, next to illiacus (medial) goes up the back
hip flexion, next to psoas major (lateral). connected to front of ilium
Abducts and laterally rotates thigh at the hip, beneath "butt muscles", long and pear shaped
flexes leg at knee and extends thigh. wraps around knee laterally. HAMSTRING
Flexes leg at the knee and extends thigh at the hip; belongs to the hamstring group. wraps around knee medially.
Flexes leg at the knee and extends thigh at the hip; belongs to the hamstring group. wraps around medially UNDER SEMITENDINOSUS
extends knee and flexes thigh at hip. big muscle down middle of front of thigh. patella to hip. part of quadriceps femoris
extends leg at knee. lateral to rectus femoris. part of quadriceps femoris
knee extension. mediaal to rectus femoris. part of quadriceps femoris
extension of knee. beneath rectus femoris. part of quadriceps femoris
Flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates thigh at the hip; flexes knee. from hip, wraps in toward knee.
tensor fasciae latae
Abducts, flexes, and rotates the thigh medially. muscle over hip area
extensor digitorum longus
prime mover of toe extension, long thin muscle that extends from lateral side of tibia, down through toes. attached to back of tibialis anterior
Fibularis (peroneus) longus
Plantar flexion (top of your foot points away from your leg; when standing on toes or pointing toes) and eversion (turning out) of foot. runs from top of fibula to ankle.
calf muscle that flexes the knee and bends the foot downward. medial and lateral heads.
Stabilizes knee joint, wraps around back of knee
plantar flexion of foot, under entire calf muscle (gastricnemius)
dorsiflexion (movement of the foot upwards, so that the foot is closer to the shin) and inversion (turning in) of foot
Plantar flexion and inversion of foot. under calf and soleus.
rubber-band like muscle stretching horizontally across chest. above pec minor and major muscles. adduct arms
cat pectoralis major
beneath pectoantebrachialis, but superficial to pec minor. adduct arms
cat pectoralis minor
adduct arms. beneath pec major.
posterior to pec minor. assists pec minor in adducting arms.
cat external intercostals
under xiphihumeralis. between ribs
cat serratus ventralis
fan shaped muscle with a serrated edge.
medial to serratus ventralis (3)
cat linea alba
white line running vertically along midline of abdominal region
cat external abdominal oblique
lateral to rectus abdominis. dark bands of dark red muscle.
cat rectus abdominis
on either side of linea alba.
cat internal abdominal oblique
under external oblique
cat transverse abdominis
third layer of muscle, extends medially.
cat latissimus dorsi
where xiphihumeralis connected, near trapezius
most posterior portion of trapezius. large and triangular
middle of trapezius. runs along medial aspect of shoulder.
most anterior portion of trapezius. envelopes neck and extends from dorsal to ventral side. terminates along clavicle
covers anterior portion of shoulder, extends to ventral surface where it meets pec major
lateral to clavodeltoid. covers acromion of scapula to create curves portion of shoulder
emerges from posterior border of acromiodeltoid and extends posteriorly along spine of scapula
cat levator scapulae ventralis
runs from spine of scapula, beneath clavotrapezius
cat rhomboid major
cat rhomboideus minor
Cat Rhomboideus Capitis
cat teres major