First Aid and Safety Exam 2

hand hygiene
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Terms in this set (50)
lying on siderecovery positionupper right upper left lower right lower leftfour quadrantsliver, pancreas, kidney, lungupper rightappendix, bladder, colon, gonads, ureterlower rightheart, spleen, kidney, lung, stomachupper leftureter, bladder, colon, gonadslower leftstructureskeleton system functionmovementmuscle system functiontransportcirculatory system functionbreathingrespiratory system functionbreak down nutrientsdigestive system functionwaste removalurinary system functionregulation, balanceendocrine system functionsignalsnervous system functionprotectionintegumentary system function1. scene safetyfirst step of patient assessment2. primary survey life threats: A.B.C.B. vitals L.O.C. A.V.P.U.second step of patient assessmentairway breathing circulation bleedingABCBlevel of consciousnessLOCalert verbal pain unconsciousAVPUsigns and symptoms allergies medication past medical history last oral intake (meal) events leading upSAMPLE historyonset provokes quality radiates strength (1-10) time interventions"s" in sample history → OPQRSTItreat life threats firstbefore continuing patient assessment if there are any life threats ...mechanism of injuryMOImedical traumatwo types of MOIs1. pulse 2. respiration 3. LOC → AVPU 4. CRT (capillary refill) 5. pupils 6. JVD (jugular vein distinction)vitalsdeformity open wounds tenderness swellingDOTSdeformity contusion = bruise abrasion = scrape penetrating burns tenderness laceration = cut swellingDCAPBTLShands on, head to toesecondary surveyhead (ears, eyes, nose mouth for fluid) → neck (trachea = midline, vertebrae) → chest (rise, fall, deformities) → abdomen (palpate four quadrants) → pelvis (gently rock) → legs → toe (capillary refill) → arms (capillary refill) → back (roll towards you)order of secondary surveychanging normality, requires quicker surveyunstablemultiple injuries to major body systems, requires rapid surveymultisystem traumaevery 5 minuteshow often you should reassess a patient"sorting" of patients based on severity (green, yellow, red, black)triagearrest (apnea) = cannot breathe at all distress = obstruction to airwaytwo types of respiratory problems1. determine responsiveness 2. 911 3. position victim, open airway 4. determine breathlessnessvictim assessment orderlabored, noisy, irregularabnormal breathingchronic obstructive pulmonary disease disease to alveoli incurable, worsens over time 4th leading cause of death in U.S.COPDbarrel-shaped chestsymptom of COPDsevere allergic reaction true emergency requires epipen or epinephrineanaphylaxis