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History of Law
Criminal Justice Chapter 5 (BlackBoard)
Terms in this set (30)
British police practices became codified in 1285 with passage of _________.
the Statute of Winchester
Between 1969 and 1982, the LEAA distributed nearly ________ to local and state law enforcement agencies.
eight billion dollars
Paula is part of the FBI's "Flying Squad." Which of the following is most likely to be one of her responsibilities?
Providing specialized counterterrorism knowledge to FBI field offices
Which of the following is primarily true of city police chiefs, rather than sheriffs?
City police chiefs are typically appointed by the mayor or city council.
Currently, the main priority of the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is __________.
Ronnie is a county sheriff and Sam is the chief of a city police department. Which of the following is true of both Ronnie and Sam?
Both head up local law enforcement agencies.
According to the National Center for Policy Analysis, private security personnel _____________.
outnumber public law enforcement personnel by nearly three to one
In the _______ model of state police organization, officers are responsible for the patrol of state highways AND for major criminal investigations.
In the late 1800s, Nathaniel traveled out to the American West. There were few law enforcement officials there, so when someone tried to steal Nathaniel's horse, he was forced to take the law into his own hands. Nathaniel is a ___________ according to your text.
Which level of law enforcement operates on a for-profit basis?
In 1910, ___________ became the first police woman in the world, serving with the Los Angeles Police Department.
In 1931, ____________ recognized that Prohibition was unenforceable and reported that it carried the potential for police corruption.
the Wickersham Commission
In 2005, then-director of the FBI ___________ spoke at the International Law Enforcement Academy in Budapest, Hungary. In his speech, he asserted that "good bridges make good neighbors."
The largest jail system in the world is the one operated by ____________.
the Los Angeles County Sheriff's Department
Which of the following statements regarding private protective services is true?
The decline in reported crime has been attributed to private security.
The U.S. Coast Guard is part of the Department of _________.
In 1968, the U.S. Congress passed the Omnibus Crime Control and Safe Streets Act. This legislation created the _____________ a year later which funneled federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies.
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration
The FBI operates ___________, also called legats, in major cities around the world to permit the international coordination of enforcement activities.
legal attache offices
Which of the following includes representatives from the Department of Defense, the Secret Service, and the Central Intelligence Agency?
The Joint Terrorism Task Force (JTTF)
A non-uniformed mounted law enforcement officer of medieval England, from which the modern constable evolved.
Why has the organization of American law enforcement been called the most complex in the world?
Because police agencies have been created at the federal, state, and local levels.
In 1829, ____________ formed the world's first modern police force in London. It soon became a model for police forces around the world.
The centralized model of state law enforcement organization was first used in which state?
__________ operates the Combined DNA Index System (CODIS), a computerized forensic database of DNA profiles of offenders convicted of serious crimes.
In the early 18th century, Henry Fielding, magistrate of the Bow Street region on London organized the Bow Street Runners to combat a large criminal organization headed by __________.
Most sheriff's departments are small. More than half of them employ fewer than ___ sworn officers.
In early Britain, the ____________ was the leader of the county and was responsible for leading a posse to apprehend an offender.
Which of the following has contributed to the growth of the private security sector in the U.S.?
Increased workplace crime
In 1974, the results of an experiment on preventive patrol in ___________ were published. This experiment is credited with beginning the tradition of scientific studies of policing.
Kansas City, Missouri
New York City had separate day and night forces until ____ when they were combined into the New York City Police Department.
What was the popular belief in the 1960s among cops about these Supreme Court cases?
In order to maintain order and enforce the law, police must be granted the right to intervene in the daily affairs of private citizens. (true/false)
According to the National Registry of Exonerations, what is the most common reason why an innocent person is wrongfully convicted?
When was the protest originally scheduled and why?
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